Djibouti-Drought alert-The last three rainy seasons were poor and this was compounded by the migration of pastoralists from Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea in search of pasture and resulted in the deterioration of the food security situation. At the beginning of April 2005, the government of Djibouti asked for support from the international community for the provision of the humanitarian assistance to 28,650 persons affected by the drought and the provision of animal feed, water and emergency veterinary care for 50,000 heads of livestock.
A further assessment carried out at the end of April estimated that the number of people in need of emergency food assistance had increased from 28,650 to 47,500 due to additional migration of pastoralists.
Food is currently distributed, but is only sufficient to cover the needs until the end of May. Further pledges towards the appeal are urgently needed.
Ethiopia-Number of affected population increased - A flash appeal, released at the beginning of May 2005, reconsidered the number of affected people from the estimated 3.1 m at the beginning of the year to 3.8 m. This increase is due to new evidence gathered through assessments and to a delay in the delivery of food assistance. Another concern is that the safety net, which should cater for 5m chronically food-insecure people, who were therefore removed from the emergency relief programme, was not yet implemented as of February 2005, leaving them without assistance.
Kenya - Appalling rates of malnutrition in Northern Kenya- Following a poor short-rainy season in parts of Kenya, the delay in the onset of the long-rains season is a cause of concern. A significant number of districts are considered as being in the alert phase regarding food security. The drought-affected pastoral and marginal agricultural areas are the most at risk. Beside weather hazards, the problem of chronic poverty seems to be also related to minorities' issues in some districts. Random-sampled nutrition surveys, which were conducted in the worst affected areas of Wajir and Mandera districts, revealed very high rates of acute malnutrition while crude mortality rates were under control.
Sudan-Precarious situation- Following the peace agreement signed in January 2005 between the government of Khartoum and the SPLM/A, donors have pledged US$ 4.5 billion for reconstruction in South Sudan for the period of 2005-2007, exceeding by US$ 2 billion the estimated minimum requirements.
Displaced and refugee populations continue to return to the South, although their number is impossible to estimate because of problems of registration and tracking. Several random-sampled nutrition surveys conducted in South Sudan showed average to critical nutrition situations.
The security situation saw no improvement in Darfur. As of February 2005, it was estimated that 58% and 80% of the affected population were covered in regard with provision of drinking water and non-food items, respectively, while sanitary interventions covered 70% of the needs. Primary health coverage was still far from sufficient. Recent random-sampled nutrition surveys showed average to precarious nutrition situations.
Guinea-Worsening of the situation-The prevalence of malnutrition seems higher in Gueckedou prefecture since 2002 than in 1999-2000. This might be partly explained by the fact that since the refugees who were hosted in Gueckedou prefecture were relocated in 2001 the dynamic of the region has changed and the humanitarian assistance has decreased. The current economic and political instability probably also plays a major role.
Niger-Food crisis looming-Last year's weather conditions were bad with drought and locust invasion. According to MSF, more than 3,000 children were admitted to their therapeutic feeding centre in Maradi, southern Niger, in the first four months of 2005, which is three times higher than for the same period in previous years. A UN appeal was launched on 19 May 2005, requesting US$ 16.2 million to, amongst other things, provide food aid to 3.6 m people and cater for malnourished children.
Uganda-Average situation-The situation has remained tense in Northern Uganda over the last months . Several nutrition surveys conducted in IDP camps in Gulu, Lira, Appac and Pader districts showed acceptable to average nutrition situations.
Haiti-Nutrition situation not critical-The security situation is still highly volatile, especially in Port au Prince. A number of nutrition surveys conducted over the last months do not show a critical situation, even in Gonaives, which was hard hit by hurricane Jeanne in September 2004.
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