Djibouti + 4 more

Horn of Africa - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #10, Fiscal Year (FY) 2008

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Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: This is the final USAID/DCHA Horn of Africa Fact Sheet for FY 2008

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

On September 30, the Horn of Africa Response Management Team (RMT) based in Washington, D.C., and the Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) based in Nairobi, Kenya, stood down and reverted coverage of the regional food security crisis to the Regional Team and East and Central Africa Regional Office. However, USAID/OFDA staff, including the U.S. Government (USG) Humanitarian Assistance Team (HAT) based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, continue to monitor conditions and address evolving needs related to the regional drought and food security crisis, in addition to facilitating coordination and information sharing among relief organizations.

During the week of October 6, two USAID partners suspended activities in Bakool and Bay regions, Somalia, following targeted threats. Suspended activities in the two regions include health facilities treating 23,000 patients monthly, supplemental feeding programs targeting 3,600 children, and outpatient community-based therapeutic care programs benefiting 650 children. In addition, the threats forced one of the partners to suspend food aid distribution benefiting 757,000 people throughout South-Central Somalia. Combined, the suspended activities represent approximately 30 percent of all USG humanitarian assistance provided to Somalia.

To date in FY 2008, the USG has provided more than $1 billion in combined humanitarian assistance to Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia, including more than $101 million in USAID/OFDA nutrition, agriculture and food security, health, logistics and relief commodities, risk reduction, shelter and settlements, local and regional food procurement and distribution, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance; nearly $853 million in food assistance from USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP); and nearly $55 million in refugee assistance from the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM).

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Djibouti: Population in need of emergency assistance
441,000
FEWS NET- September 12, 2008
Eritrea: Estimated population facing food insecurity
1.7 million
FAO -2008
Ethiopia: Population in need of emergency assistance
12.1 million)
GFDRE - September 19, 2008
Kenya: Population in need of emergency assistance
1.4 million
KFSSG - August 19, 2008
Somalia: Population in need of emergency assistance
3.2 million
FSAU - August 26, 2008


FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $101,181,757

USAID/FFP Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $852,925,000

State/PRM Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $54,754,899 Total

USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $1,008,861,656

CURRENT SITUATION

Djibouti

On October 30, U.S. Ambassador James C. Swan reissued a disaster declaration in response to several years of continuous drought and the impact of increasing food prices that have eroded the livelihood and food security situation of pastoralists and urban poor households.

On October 24, FEWS NET released the latest Food Security Outlook for October 2008 through March 2009. In the most likely scenario, FEWS NET predicts normal October to February rains, but notes that the rains will likely be insufficient for regeneration of pasture and browse and pastoralist areas will remain highly to extremely food insecure. In the worst-case scenario, October to February rains will fail, leading to further livestock deaths, destitution among poor pastoral households, and an increase in the number of households facing extreme food insecurity.

Map: USG Humanitarian Assistance to the Horn of Africa (as of 31 Oct 2008)