DR Congo

UNICEF external flash situation report North Kivu / Haut-Uele / Ituri, DR Congo - 15-18 Nov 2008

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Major Developments

- Fighting between FARDC and PARECO in Kirumba on November 18th.

- Clashes between CNDP and FARDC in Rwindi, 20 km south of Kanyabayonga, on November 16th.

- The Secretary General's Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region, former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo, had meetings with Congolese president Joseph Kabila, Laurent Nkunda, the leader of the CNDP, and Paul Kagame, president of Rwanda in order to find a solution to the current crisis in the East.

- In Haut-Uélé, the LRA attacked Bangadi, North-East of Dungu. According to the local Red Cross, 20,000 people fled the area southwards to Niangara.

Humanitarian situation

- Over the last 3 weeks, cholera cases in Ishasha (127 cases, 3 deaths) have tripled every week. Cholera cases have been reported in almost all IDP sites in North Kivu.

- Following the fighting in Kanyabayonga, Kabasha and Rwindi on Sunday, thousands reportedly fled north towards Lubero, Butembo and Beni.

- Population displacement, lack of hygiene awareness and sanitation facilities continue to cause the spread of cholera, diarrhea, measles, interruption of education, malnutrition and children being separated from their parents.

- Insecurity continues to restrict access to assist tens of thousands.

- According to IRC, there are approximately 7000 displaced families in Goma, the majority of whom are staying with host families and public sites.

- In Minova (South Kivu), the number of displaced families currently amounts to 6,129 (some 36,500 persons)

- In Bambu, 80 km north of Goma, 25,000 displaced persons gathered around a MONUC base. Cases of diarrhea have been reported. IDPs are not yet receiving any assistance due to insecurity.

- IDPs are planned to be transferred from Kibati settlements (close to frontline) to Mugunga camps west of Goma.

- In Haut-Uélé, due to increasing insecurity, most humanitarian actors have withdrawn from the Dungu area. Humanitarian access is extremely limited.

- In Ituri, security issues hamper humanitarian access to the zones of Tchekele and Aveba, where 42,710 displaced persons are located (OCHA).

UNICEF Response

Nutrition/Health

- Integrated measles, polio vaccination, Vitamin A supplementation and de-worming activities for 13,000 children in Kibati has been completed;

- Another integrated measles & polio vaccination activity, combined with supplementation of Vitamin A and provision of de-worming tablets is planned for 9,000 children in Masisi and Kanyabayonga for the end of this week.

Water/Sanitation/Hygiene

- In the Kibati settlements, latrine construction, clean water provision and hygiene promotion continues; these activities will be transferred if the population chooses to transfer to the Mugunga camps.

- In the Soke IDP camp (Ituri), 2 water sources have been installed, together with 38 latrines and chlorination points for 10,500 beneficiaries.

- In the Sangolo IDP camp (Ituri), 18 latrines have been built, and water chlorination is provided for some 17,500 displaced persons.

Non-Food Items/Emergency Shelter Materials

- The NFIs received by airlift last week (plastic sheets, cooking sets, soap, jerry cans/buckets, blankets), are being packaged at the UNICEF warehouse for immediate distribution to newly displaced. Distribution planned in Kanyatse planned to start tomorrow, November 19th.

- In the Soke IDP camp (Ituri), 2,082 families have benefited from NFI assistance such as kitchen kits, jerry cans, plastic sheeting, soap, blankets and clothes.

Protection

- Following concerns on the politicization of aid delivery in Rutshuru territory, UNICEF, IRC and NRC have developed a document with guidelines for assistance.

- Identification of unaccompanied children continues in Kibati settlements.

- Following the withdrawal of 14 children from an FARDC camp in Bunia (Province Orientale) beginning November, UNICEF partner COOPI has taken care of their family reunification. UNICEF and its partners continue monitoring the presence of children in this camp.

Education

- On November 17th and 18th distribution school materials were distributed to 52,000 students in schools in and around Goma. Students receive notebooks, pens, school bags etc. 7,000 beneficiaries are 'old' internally displaced students from the Mugunga area.

- Materials cannot be distributed to thousands of students in the Kibati settlements because the schools are still occupied by displaced persons and soldiers. UNICEF continues to advocate for a solution to this problem.

Media

- Media attention is still extremely high. UNICEF continues to yield interviews with all major media (BBC, Reuters, AFP, AP etc.)

Next sitrep: Friday, November 22nd