DR Congo

UNICEF external flash situation report Goma/North Kivu, DR Congo - 12-14 Nov 2008

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Major Developments

- Looting by government troops and other armed elements in Kanyabayonga caused thousands of people (many of whom were already displaced) to flee north. Some 15,000 are reported to have fled to Kisharo, another 15,000 to Vitchumbi, 5,000 to Butembo. Due to the insecurity, assistance activities in the area have been suspended until further notice.

- In the last 6 days, 9 planes (with donations from OFDA and the UK) landed in Goma, providing plastic sheets, jerry cans, buckets, kitchen sets, water purification tablets and blankets.

- In Dungu (Haut-Uele), 23 hostages that were detained by the Lord's Resistance Army since the November 1st attack, were released and returned to Dungu on November 11th. Children are still held by the LRA but adults have been released.

Humanitarian situation

- Over 1,000 people arrived in Minova in the reporting period, fleeing the fighting in Ngungu. Minova has now received some 40,000 displaced.

- The displacement of the population, the lack of hygiene awareness and sanitation facilities form the biggest threats to a cholera outbreak in cholera endemic areas such as Rutshuru. Cholera cases have already been notified in Goma, Rutshuru and Walikale.

- Displacements also continue to contribute to high risks of spread of measles, rising child malnutrition and children being separated from their families.

- In Rutshuru territory, 85% of schools, affecting 150,000 students temporarily closed due to insecurity. Schools in areas of displacement are occupied by displaced persons and the Congolese army.

- In Haut-Uele, all schools are closed in Dungu and surroundings since the attacks of November 1st.

- There are unconfirmed reports of child recruitment in Kitchanga, Rugare (10-50) and Rutshuru. In Kitchanga, 500 people in the age 14-40 were recruited on a door-to door basis.

UNICEF Response

Nutrition/Health

- 19 severely malnourished children in Kibati were transferred to TFCs in Goma. 102 moderately malnourished children received treatment.

- Integrated measles, polio vaccination, Vitamin A supplementation and de-worming activities resumed since November 12th for 13,000 children in Kibati, despite shooting in nearby areas; A measles vaccination and Vitamin A supplementation for 9,000 children in Kirotshe was completed on November 12th.

- Free health care continue to be provided to 200,000 IDPs and host communities in Mueso and Kirotshe Health Zones.

- UNICEF partner LWF has started nutritional screening on children in and around Kanyabayonga. They refer children to Supplementary Feeding Centers and Therapeutic Feeding Centers. UNICEF partner LWF provides malnutrition treatment in 15 TFCs in 9 health zones in the Grand Nord.

Water/Sanitation/Hygiene

- UNICEF partner Mercy Corps continues water trucking activities to Kibati (the estimated 65,000 IDPs in this area receive approximately 5 liter/person/day, the emergency daily standard amount) and Mugunga camps. Additional construction of 240 latrines continues as well as hygiene promotion activities.

- Water chlorination activities are being increased in Kirotshe area from 37 to 46 chlorination points.

- In Ituri, UNICEF partner Solidarités continues water chlorination and sanitation activities in displacement sites.

Non-Food Items/Emergency Shelter Materials

- In Kibati, plastic sheets, blankets, jerry cans, soap, cooking sets, mosquito nets and clothes were distributed to 3,000 displaced families.

- USAID/OFDA has donated commodities for some 5,000 households, including blankets, jerry cans, plastic sheeting and kitchen sets. These items are currently arriving in Goma.

- All NFIs that have arrived by planes are being packaged at the UNICEF warehouse for immediate distribution.

Protection

- In Kibati, 152 unaccompanied children have been identified, and continue to be placed with foster families. 17 children have been reunited with their families.

- To prevent child recruitment, UNICEF continues sending out messages via local radios to inform armed groups and forces and the population that child recruitment is a war crime, crime against humanity and a violation of the DRC constitution.

Education

- UNICEF and partners met with local authorities in order to find a solution to free 5 schools of IDPs and 2 of FARDC soldiers in Kibati.

Media

- Over the past few days, media continue coming to UNICEF for information and articles, and interviews have been held with BBC World, BBC Focus on Africa, and other BBC programmes, CNN, SABC, Associated Press, Reuters, AFP, RFI, Congolese media and numerous European national dailies. Media attention is still extremely high.

Next sitrep: Tuesday, November 18th