DR Congo

UNICEF external flash situation report Goma/North Kivu, DR Congo - 02-04 Nov 2008

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Humanitarian situation

- Humanitarian access still limited in areas outside of Goma/Kibati/Sake and southern Lubero territory; 37 children recruited last week in Rutshuru area; most children recruited to bolster self-defense forces prior to CNDP advance last week; many of the IDPs who fled the now empty Rutshuru camps are with host families in Rutshuru center; others are presumed to have fled north; no new spontaneous sites reported; CNDP prevents new spontaneous camps from forming; some returns reported from Rutshuru to Jomba/Bunagana.

- UNICEF and OCHA continue coordinating with RRM (Rapid Response Mechanism) partners Solidarités and IRC to carry out assessments in the core RRM areas of water and sanitation, education, and NFI/emergency shelter; Solidarités has carried out missions to Kanyabayonga as well as a mission to Sake to evaluate the cholera situation; RRM continues to prioritize assessments and assistance to populations affected since the upsurge of violence in early September who have yet to receive assistance.

UNICEF Response

Nutrition/Health

- UNICEF/IMC/Solidarités is continuing to distribute BP5 high energy biscuits to children at the IMC-supported health center in Kibati; Solidarités reinforced the distribution teams on Monday/Tuesday; a rapid nutritional screening will be carried out in Kibati on Wednesday 05/11/08 to help determine needs for additional therapeutic and supplementary feeding centers to assist severely and moderately malnourished children.

- UNICEF medicine and medical equipment delivered to the Kibati health center on Friday continues to support IMC's efforts to provide free health care to the displaced; UNICEF will support health centers in other displacement areas with medicine and medical equipment as humanitarian access opens; UNICEF is currently identifying which health centers are to be prioritized for assistance.

- UNICEF and provincial Ministry of Health partners are mobilizing for emergency measles vaccination in affected areas; on Thursday 6/11/08, 13,000 children in Kibati will be vaccinated; vaccinations in other areas will take place as humanitarian access opens.

Water/Sanitation

- UNICEF partner Mercy Corps continues water-trucking activities to the Kibati camps and to Rutshuru town, albeit at reduced levels given damage to some equipment during last week's fighting; UNICEF continues supporting partners with material at 26 water chlorination points in Goma; UNICEF and partners are assessing the need for additional chlorination points or relocation of existing points based on current concentrations of population in the town. RRM partner, Solidarités began water trucking to Kanyabayonga on Monday 3/11/08, serving an estimated 45,000 IDPs and host community members.

Non-Food Items/Emergency Shelter Materials

- NFI donated by Memisa Belgique and the Government of Belgium arrived in Goma on Tuesday 04/11/09 to reinforce existing RRM and other NFI cluster member stocks to distribute to new IDPs.

- DFID has announced an in-kind donation of NFI, emergency shelter material, and watsan supplies to support UNICEF's emergency response. The donation will include 11,300 plastic tarpaulin sheets, 24,000 buckets, 18,000 blankets, and 1,000,000 water purification tablets; flights should start to arrive in Goma on Thursday and Friday 06-07/11/08.

Protection

- UNICEF partner Save the Children's points d'ecoute (listening points) continue identifying and tracing families of new unaccompanied minors in Kibati; it is possible that the 36 children recruited last week were used in the fighting against the CNDP in Rutshuru on Tuesday 04/11/08.

Funding, Supply, and Logistics

- All of UNICEF's core sectors have sufficient supplies to respond to immediate needs over the next few weeks. However, after these initial weeks, supplies will need to be replenished.

- UNICEF continues looking for additional support to meet the needs of new IDPs and host families/communities in all sectors in North Kivu as well as for other crises in eastern DRC (Orientale province).

Security

- The situation in Goma continues to be relatively calm but tense.