• The Minister of Health declared an outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) on August 1 st 2018, following the confirmation of four cases of Ebola in the Mabalako health zone of the territory of Beni, North Kivu province, Eastern DRC.
• As of August 3, 2018, a total of 49 cases have been reported across 7 health zones in two provinces, i.e. five health zones (Beni, Butembo, Oicha,
Musienene and Mabalako) in North Kivu province; and two health zones (Mandima and Mambasa) in Ituri province.
• The affected territory is affected by armed conflicts and facing security challenges.
• This is the first-time Ebola outbreak reported in this part of the country and the 10th known outbreak in DRC.
• August 2, 2018, a high-level mission comprised of the Minster of Health, the Governor of North Kivu, WHO Representative, UNICEF Deputy Representative, MONUSCO DSRSG, the Deputy Humanitarian Coordinators and a Representative of the World Bank visited Beni and Mangina (the epicenter of the outbreak) for field level assessment and to organize the response.
• A UNICEF multi-disciplinary team comprised of two health specialists, two C4D specialists, two WASH specialists, a security specialist and a driver are already deployed in Beni as part of the first intervention team in support of the Government response team.
SITUATION IN NUMBER
49 total reported suspected cases (MoH, 03 August 2018)
4 confirmed cases by GeneXpert (MoH, 01 August 2018)
28 deaths recorded (MoH, 03 August 2018)
Humanitarian leadership and coordination
The first Crisis Management Team - Comité National de Coordination (CNC) meeting was held on 01 August under the leadership of the Minister of Health with all concerned partners and the Governor of North Kivu province. The Ministry of Health (MoH) is leading the coordination at the national level and the Director General of the Division of Disease Control of the MoH has been appointed as the coordinator of the response. The national level coordination would be organized around ten commissions (i) epidemiological surveillance (including contact tracing); (ii) patient care/management; (iii) laboratory examinations; (iv) communication; (v) water, hygiene, and sanitation; (vi) logistics (vii) psychosocial care; (viii) research, (ix) control of point of entry, (x) vaccination and (xi) security. UNICEF is the lead technical member of commissions on communication, WASH (including Safe and Dignified Burials) and psychosocial care, and would also support the commissions on logistics and security. The joint response plan is currently under finalisation by the MoH with technical support from UNICEF, WHO and other partners.
A field level coordination structure has been established in Beni under the leadership of the Ministry of Health to lead the response in the field. An additional operational level technical team is being constituted in Mangina health area of Mabalako health zone, the epi-centre of the response.