Renewed inter-ethnic fighting and reports of atrocities in the Democratic Republic of Congo have displaced thousands of people, creating a fresh refugee crisis in Uganda's northeastern Nebbi District and placing a severe strain on existing water, sanitation and health services. Local Uganda Red Cross (URCS) volunteers have been collecting food donations and distributing them to the most vulnerable refugees and new arrivals. "The survival of thousands of innocent people could be compromised if aid does not reach them immediately," says Anitta Underlin, the International Federation representative in Uganda. The Federation has launched an emergency appeal for 357,000 Swiss francs (US$ 261,000) to help the URCS provide essential assistance to 15,000 Congolese refugees for the coming three months. Relief items such as tarpaulins, blankets, kitchen sets, jerrycans and hoes will be distributed, water and sanitation installations repaired, and more than 70 URCS volunteers will undergo disaster management training.