DR Congo + 1 more

Situational Update: UNHCR Response to the emergency situation in the northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 01 October 2021

Situation Report
Originally published


Key figures

221,694 Central African Refugees are currently living in the DRC

73,645 CAR Refugees biometrically registered between January and July 2021

7,062 refugee identity cards distributed in North Ubangi, South Ubangi and Bas Uele Provinces.


As of 29 September, UNHCR and the National Commission for Refugees (CNR) verified 21,251 CAR refugees in an ongoing exercise targeting some 29,000 persons in Mole and Boyabu camps, South Ubangi Province.

UNHCR and partners facilitated the distribution of cash-for-food by WFP to about 14,863 CAR refugees and vulnerable host community members in Bosobolo Territory, North Ubangi Province.

Local authorities in Bosobolo Territory, North Ubangi Province have granted around 9000 hectares of arable land for agriculture to CAR refugees in the localities of Sidi and Boduna, North Ubangi Province.

Operational Context

Political upheavals in the Central African Republic (CAR) following the latest Presidential elections in December 2020 resulted to an influx of thousands of refugees into the provinces of North Ubangi, South Ubangi and BasUele. By 30 June 2021, UNHCR in coordination with its government partner the National Commission for Refugees (CNR) had biometrically registered 73,645 newly arrived refugees. Prior to this influx, an estimated 173,000 CAR refugees were already living in the DRC, after having fled election-related violence and instability in 2014 and 2017.
Only 26% of these refugees live in the four refugee camps managed by UNHCR and by the DRC government in North and South Ubangi province; the overwhelming majority live on riverbanks in hard-to-reach border areas, often within host communities with limited resources. Their living conditions are dire. They often have little or no access to clean water, sanitation facilities, or food.
UNHCR and the National Commission for Refugees (CNR) are working together to implement UNHCR's Policy on Alternatives to Camps, which seeks to avoid the establishment of refugee camps and to give refugees the opportunity to become active members of the community, while contributing to the enrichment of host communities.
To this extent, a number of villages across the three Provinces have been identified by UNHCR and its partners to function as ‘development hubs’, where socio-economic infrastructures will be rehabilitated or constructed, and livelihoods activities implemented to foster the resilience and self-sufficiency of both refugees and host populations.