Humanitarian Assistance in Review: East and Central Africa | Fiscal Year (FY) 2004 – 2014
Conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the ECA region. Between FY 2005 and FY 2014, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters and complex emergencies, including flooding across the region, drought and food insecurity in the Horn of Africa, Lord’s Resistance Army-related conflict and displacement in the Great Lakes, post-election violence in Kenya, and ongoing crises in CAR,
DRC, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan.
From FY 2005 to FY 2014, USAID provided nearly $12.5 billion in humanitarian assistance in the ECA region. USAID/FFP provided more than $9.7 billion for food assistance in the form of U.S. purchased food, locally and/or regionally purchased food, cash transfers for food, food vouchers, and related activities. USAID/OFDA provided more than $2.7 billion primarily for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH); health; logistics support and relief commodities; agriculture and food security; nutrition; economic recovery and market systems (ERMS); humanitarian coordination and information management; protection; and shelter and settlements assistance.
In the past 10 years, USAID has deployed seven Disaster Assistance Response Teams (DARTs) in response to complex emergencies in DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and South Sudan, and to regional food security crises in the Horn of Africa. In addition, USAID has activated multiple Washington, D.C.-based Response Management Teams to support coordination and response efforts in South Sudan, Sudan, and the Horn of Africa