DR Congo

Humanitarian Action for Children 2017 - Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Total affected population: 7.3 million

Total affected children: 4.4 million

Total people to be reached in 2017: 3 million

Total children to be reached in 2017: 1.8 million

For more than two decades, the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been plagued by multiple, complex conflicts with grave humanitarian consequences. At the end of 2016, the country had 1.9 million internally displaced persons registered and was hosting more than 436,870 refugees.
Population movement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is complex and dynamic, as ongoing conflicts implicating numerous non-state armed groups trigger mass displacement and exacerbate humanitarian needs. As a result, 2 million children are expected to suffer from acute malnutrition and emergency levels of morbidity and mortality in 2017. Outbreaks of cholera, measles and yellow fever continue to threaten children’s survival. Cholera remains a constant threat, with 25,000 cases reported in 2016. Protection is a major concern, with more than 3,000 children4 confirmed active in armed groups and cases of sexual and gender-based violence reported daily. Natural disasters such as flooding are expected to continue to threaten children and their families. Humanitarian needs could be further impacted by the ongoing political turmoil. The multiyear (2017–2019) Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) was set up to sustain a humanitarian response to the most-affected populations.

Humanitarian strategy

In 2017, UNICEF will provide large-scale, rapid, multi-sectoral assistance in nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health and non-food items (NFIs). Community-based treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) will be scaled-up to reach more than 300,000 children. Multipurpose cash transfer programming will target more than 1 million people (a 10-fold increase from 2016), particularly displaced and emergency-affected children, through cash grants to schools. Emergency health and WASH supplies will be pre-positioned at the provincial level to respond to disease outbreaks, such as cholera and measles. UNICEF will support gender-based violence prevention approaches, coordination and referral mechanisms. Rapid Needs Assessments and response capacity for the Rapid Response to Movement of Population (RRMP) mechanism will be pre-positioned. UNICEF will continue its lead coordination role in the Democratic Republic of the Congo humanitarian architecture, leading four clusters at national and provincial levels (education, WASH, nutrition, and NFI/shelter), as well as the child protection working group, and will serve as lead agency for sectoral coordination and multi-sector humanitarian response, primarily through the RRMP. UNICEF will, however, align to the objectives and strategies of the multi-year HRP, with an annual target and budget planning.