DR Congo

Gender based violence situation and response in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): The Kasai Crisis

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The overall humanitarian situation in DRC

During the last year the spread of conflict in DRC to new geographic areas in the Kasaï region (provinces of Kasaï, Central Kasaï, Eastern Kasaï, Sankuru and Lomami) and Tanganyika province have caused a rapid deterioration of the overall situation. Political unrest, an electoral crisis and a significant socio-economic decline with more than 50 per cent devaluation of the Congolese Francs over the last year, that further aggravate the current instability. This highly dynamic context made up of a series of acute crises has caused massive population displacements, serious human rights violations “more horrendous than ever before” according to Stephen O’Brien’s statement to the Emergency Directors of the IASC after his visit to DRC and CAR last July.

In the whole DRC, more than 8.5 million people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance, including an estimated 4.5 million women and girls whose 425,000 are pregnant. Disaggregating the whole population by age, 5.5 million are estimated to be girls and boys 2 . The country now has greatest internally displaced people (IDPs) in the world: 3.8 million, whose majority is in North Kivu, Central Kasaï and Tanganyika. This means that between October 2016 and March 2017 some 8,000 people were displaced daily in DRC. In such a context, women and girls are exposed to many protection risks including various forms of gender-based violence. During the first semester of 2017, GBV actors in DRC were able to provide case management to at least to 4 700 survivors of gender-based violence mostly in North Kivu and South Kivu. This immediately show a lack of capacity, sometimes to collected reliable data, more frequently to be able to respond.