DR Congo + 2 more

ECHO Factsheet – The Democratic Republic of Congo – (Last updated 13/03/2018)

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FACTS & FIGURES

13.1 million people in need of humanitarian assistance 4.49 million internally displaced people 630 000 Congolese refugees in neighbouring countries & 537 000 refugees from the region in DRC 7.7 million food insecure people 1.9 million children under five severely malnourished (sources: UNOCHA, UNHCR & UNICEF)

EU humanitarian aid in 2018: €42.3 million & €7.2 million for ECHO Flight

Introduction

The humanitarian needs in DRC have reached alarming proportions. 2017 was one of the most violent years in DRC’s recent history, with ongoing conflict in the Kivu region, renewed fighting in Tanganyika and a new and brutal conflict in Kasaï. The number of Congolese forced to flee their homes has surpassed 5 million, which includes the highest number of internally displaced people in Africa. In late 2017, the UN activated its highest level of emergency response required for the most challenging humanitarian crises.

What are the needs?

DRC is one of the world’s poorest countries despite its vast natural resources. Political tensions and socio-economic decline are exacerbated by a sharp increase in violence. DRC’s complex humanitarian crisis is characterised by conflict, mass displacement, malnutrition and epidemics. In addition to millions of internally displaced Congolese, DRC hosts over 537 000 refugees from neighbouring countries.

The Kivu and Ituri provinces have been the scene of fighting for over two decades. More violent clashes have erupted in the Tanganyika, Kasaï, and Ituri provinces. According to the UN more than 3 million people need urgent humanitarian assistance in these regions, including shelter, water, food assistance, nutrition, health care and education. In Kasaï, the food security situation is alarming: 1.9 million people require assistance. In Tanganyika, an average of 1000 people per day were deplaced during 2017 and 900 000 people now need vital aid. Fresh conflict in South Kivu and Ituri has resulted in a mass exodus to Burundi and Uganda. In north Kivu, the myriad armed groups are hampering aid delivery to hundreds of thousands of people in need.

As a result of this, but also due to the extreme poverty and crumbling health care system, DRC’s population is highly vulnerable to acute malnutrition and disease outbreaks.