In April, 2017 President Joseph Kabila announced the constitution of a new Government led by Prime Minister Bruno Tshibala as Prime Minister, and an expanded cabinet, charged with the responsibility of organizing credible elections, addressing the country's economic situation and improving the socioeconomic conditions of the population.
Humanitarian situation in the Country is becoming more complex with continuing activities of Armed Groups in Eastern DRC, an increase in the number of incidents associated with the crisis in the Greater Kasai Provinces and sustained population of IDPs due to the inter-ethnic clashes in Tanganyika province. In addition, there is an increase in the refugee influx both from Burundi and South Sudan to into the DRC.
Health epidemics like Ebola, Polio, Cholera, Measles and Avian Influenza were reported by the Ministry of Health across the Country, during the reporting period. As of the end of June, 2017, there were a total of 8 reported cases of Ebola and 4 recorded deaths.
During the reporting period, UNICEF and partners provided nearly 177,000 emergency-affected people with unconditional cash transfers in North Kivu, Tanganyika and Kasai Oriental while the Rapid Response to Movements of Population programme in the East reached a total of 210,135 people with access to Non Food Items through voucher fairs.
Humanitarian leadership and coordination
UNICEF continued its coordination at national and provincial levels of four clusters (Education, Non Food Items -NFI and Shelter, Nutrition, and WASH) as well as lead the Child Protection sub-cluster and acting as co-lead (with WFP and Catholic Relief Services) of the Cash Working Group based in Goma, Eastern DRC.
At the national level, Inter-Cluster activities during the reporting period was focused on addressing coordination needs and challenges in the Kasai crisis. Specifically, UNICEF remains active in the operational coordination of the Kasai crisis in the provinces and at national level.
Other activities of the clusters at the national-level during the reporting period include (1) technical review of the Common Humanitarian Fund projects, (2) development of a multi-sectoral rapid evaluation tool for use in new crises like the Kasais, and (3) the development of indicators to help measure the multi-sectoral focus of this year’s Humanitarian Response plan. In mid-May 2017, OCHA hosted the annual national Inter-Cluster retreat focusing on how to operationalize and measure the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP)’s with a focus on quality, appropriateness, and timeliness of humanitarian response in line with the global CoreHumanitarian Standards (CHS).