BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
Note: The last situation report was dated February 19, 2008.
According to a January 2008 report by the International Rescue Committee (IRC), regional armed conflict across the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has resulted in an estimated 5.4 million deaths since 1998. Most deaths occurred due to indirect consequences of fighting, such as disease, malnutrition, and neonatal- and pregnancy-related complications. Overall, the decade of fighting has displaced more than three million Congolese across eastern and southern Congo and hindered access to agricultural land and traditional markets. Poverty continues to be widespread, and the Congolese health care system has eroded due to a lack of resources and looting of medical assets.
The 1999 Lusaka Peace Accords laid the foundation for the formation of a transitional government in 2003, the adoption of a new constitution in 2005, and national and local elections in 2006. However, armed groups such as the Forces Démocratiques de Libération du Rwanda (FDLR), ex-Rwandan Armed Forces (FAR),(1) Mai-Mai factions,(2) the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA),(3) and the National Congress of the Defense of the People (CNDP)(4) continue to create areas of insecurity in eastern DRC. The national army, the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (FARDC), has been unable to stabilize the situation. In 2007, large numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) across DRC returned to areas of origin while other communities were facing new displacement. In January 2008, armed opposition groups and the government signed the Goma Engagement Act, committing to a ceasefire and the integration of armed opposition forces into the national army. Despite an initial calm in the following months, renewed violence in August, concentrated in North Kivu Province, resulted in the displacement of an additional 100,000 people and the deterioration of humanitarian conditions. The U.N. Mission in the DRC (MONUC) represents the largest U.N. peacekeeping operation in the world and continues to support peace efforts.
On October 9, 2007, U.S. Chargé d'Affairs Samuel V. Brock redeclared a disaster due to the ongoing complex emergency in DRC. In FY 2008, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $123 million for agriculture and food security, health, IDP assistance, livelihoods, nutrition, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs, primarily targeting beneficiaries in North Kivu and South Kivu provinces.
|NUMBERS AT A GLANCE||SOURCE|
|IDPs from North Kivu Crisis||
|OCHA(5) - July 29, 2008|
|IDPs since January 2008||
|WHO(6)-September 29, 2008|
|UNHCR(7) - August, 2008|
|Total Number of Deaths since 1998||
|OCHA - September 30, 2008|
FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING
USAID/OFDA Assistance to DRC: $18,294,707
USAID/FFP(8) Assistance to DRC: $71,028,800
State/PRM(9) Assistance to DRC : $33,989,988
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to DRC: $123,313,495