The humanitarian needs in the DRC have reached alarming proportions. 2017 was one of the most violent years in history. According to the 2017 – 2019 HRP updated for 2018, 13.1 million people (including 7.7 million children) are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. This constitutes nearly 14% of the total population of the country projected in 2018. The NFI / Shelter Cluster has thus far targeted 30% of people in need in 2018 – i.e. 825,552 persons (43 %) out of 1,930,572 persons in need.
- The NFI / Shelter Cluster in DRC responds to the need of population victim of two type of crisis: forced displacement and natural disasters. The response strategy is based on identification of population’s vulnerability according to the Cluster’s standards. Responses modalities include in-kind distributions and vouchers and cash-based approaches. Additionally the Shelter Sector promotes innovative solutions based on owner and community driven construction and local building practices.
- From January to September 2018, 17 humanitarian actors provided 936,955 persons (186,983 households) with NFI (34% of the HRP target); 44% were assisted via voucher and fairs; 56%, through direct distributions.
- Of the NFI beneficiaries to date, 60% were displaced; 31% returnees; 9% host families.
- Four organizations assisted 38,405 persons (7,681 households) with distribution of tarpaulins (9% of the HRP target). However, the Shelter Sector ardently promotes local construction techniques (in lieu of tarpaulins) and market-based approaches to achieve more diversified shelter assistance modalities with communities at the heart of the response.
- Six organizations reached 50,905 persons (8,381 households) to ameliorate their shelter (with local construction techniques and materials) – 5% of the HRP target.
GAPS / CHALLENGES
- According to various humanitarian multi-sectorial assessments, the Shelter / NFI sector is in the top three needs of returnees.
- In relation to the Government led closing of IDP sites in Tanganyika province, an additional 80,000 persons are in need of shelter assistance in potential return areas.