DR Congo

DR Congo: OCHA North Kivu Humanitarian Situation Update, 22-28 Dec 2007

Situation Report
Originally published
Number of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) :

Since December 2006 : 437,000 (Mainly in Rutshuru and Masisi districts)

Total estimated number for entire North Kivu : 800,000


No major incident was reported during the last week.

Cases of harassment continue to occur on the road Sake-Minova.

The movement of CNDP troops towards Rubare is reported. Ntamugenga villagers fear fighting between these CNDP troops and the 6th IB.


On 21st of December, armed men from the RUD (Rassemblement pour l Unité et la Démocratie), a group close to the FDLR, encircled the village of Luofo. Then, they requested that MONUC Kanyabayonga gives them the arms of 15 ex-RUD elements who engaged in the DDRRR process. It was reported that harassment continued through Christmas, and 12 houses were looted.

On 21st December, FARDC elements looted part of the food previously distributed to IDPs in Kahimba.

The Commandant of the 8th Military Region promised an investigation and the setting up of preventive measures.

The 8th IB should move from South to North Kivu to strengthen FARDC positions.

Despite the arrival of the 7th IB on the axis Sake-Shasha, the population continues to suffer from harassment perpetrated by men in uniforms.

Several barriers set up in Goma by the Garde Républicaine were reported. It is advised to carry identification papers.

On 25th and 26th December, FDLR and Mayi-Mayi elements fought in Tchondo (Rustshuru).

On the night of the 26th December, Kamandi (Lubero) was attacked and looted by FDLR elements.

On 26th December, Pareco Mayi-Mayi and CNDP fought in Tchugi and then towards Kibabi.


Access and Assistance

The Kilambo airstrip (Walikale) is closed. This increases vulnerability in the territory and hampers humanitarian access.

The roads to Minova and Rutshuru are under FARDC control and can now be taken without a MONUC escort. However, humanitarian organisations should travel between 8.30am and 4.30pm, with at least two radio-equipped cars, and should stop at MONUC COB in Sake (en route to Minova) or MOB Kibumba (en route to Rutshuru).

Population movements

An INGO reports the presence of 700 families in Bitonga and 100 persons in Kalambahiro (Masisi).

The population from Kirotshe and Shasha who fled southwards towards Bweremana and Minova in order to escape from increasing insecurity in these areas start returning. Harassments on families returning were reported. It seems that some displaced go back to their villages during day time but move back to safety in Bweremana/Minova for the nights.

OCHA South Kivu reports the arrival in Minova of families from Ngungu. 260 families were registered on 27 December, and the registration continues. These displaced fled Pareco elements in the Hauts Plateaux and are either host families or in camps.

In Vitsumbi, 1500 displaced families from Binza (1st wave) and Bwito (2nd wave) have expressed needs in food and NFI to the interagency mission on 21st December.


Verifications of numbers of displaced were carried out in Mugunga 1 and in Bulengo. For Mugunga 1, results show a 20% decrease in the number of families (new total of 3 622 families) and stable number of persons (13 963). For Bulengo, results show a 22% decrease in the number of families, but a 55% increase in the number of persons.

CCCM camps in Rutshuru: the Kibati camp is still being prepared to host IDPs. The transfer of IDPs from the Kibati common facilities and vulnerable IDPs from Kibumba will take place once the water and sanitation activities are finished. Mercy Corps teams (UNHCR s watsan implementing partners for this camp) have met difficulties to carry out their activities due to the volcanic geological nature of the ground.

Despite the fact that the camp is not ready yet, some IDPs have arrived and SLAO teams now sensitise IDPs not to come until the site can host them. The official transfer should take place from 2nd January, at the rate of 500 persons per day until the camp has reached it 6 000 persons capacity.

Health, Water and Sanitation

The threat of Ebola cross border propagation from Uganda continues to be an issue and is being monitored.

Humanitarian partners continue their water and sanitation activities as well as their support to health facilities in order to tackle the cholera outbreak in Rutshuru and Rwanguba health zones. The number of reported cases of cholera and diarrhoea are starting to decrease in Rutshuru, but the number of cases has increased in Kiwanja.

Solidarités resumed water-trucking activities in Rutshuru on 22nd December.

On 24th December, Solidarités/RRM carried out a WASH evaluation mission in Nzulo.

IMC established a health post in Kibumba (Nyiragongo territory) which will be operational from 29th December.

In collaboration with ETN, NCA set up a CDV (Voluntary Testing Centre) in Mubi (Walikale territory) to support HIV persons.

Number of cholera cases has decreased in Rutshuru territory.

200 wounded of war admitted in Health centre of Reference in Kitchanga need orthopaedic cares.

IRC, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and UNICEF, conducted a mass measles vaccination campaign from December 12-16 for children aged six months to 15 years in Kabaya Health Zone.


MONUC reported that CNDP is carrying out forced recruitments of some 200 kids took place in Tongo (Rutshuru territory) on 17th December.

Allegations about 3 kids who would escape from FDLR ranks in Lubero.

A team of UNFPA distributed condoms and blankets in Rutshuru territory.

The protection cluster requested to North Brigade of MONUC to increase patrols on Sake-Goma axis to provide for multiple cases of worries.


Holidays are from 21st December 2007 to 7th January 2008.

AVSI distributed UNICEF school kits in Mutakato.


Nutrition Cluster is worried about the nutritional situation in Binza (MAG=10,5%, MAS=4,4%) and in Kayna (MAG=6,6%, MAS=3,5%).

Food distribution

WFP, through implementing partner Caritas, distributed food assistance to 1500 displaced families in Minova, and to 500 displaced families in Buganga. Most of the displaced come from Karuba.

In Kibati, WFP distributed food assistance through implementing partner Caritas on 26th and 27th December, to 2548 displaced families. Security incidents occurred after the distribution.

In Mugunga 2, WFP started a food distribution on 27th December but had be to suspended on 28th December due to security incidents.

Non Food Items

Prior to NFI kits distribution, Solidarités/RRM is conducting a mission of sensitization and census of displaced families in Kirotshe, Shasha, Bweremana, Bishangi and Kabase (Masisi territory).

Kivu Conference on peace

The preliminary session took place on December 27 in Goma with the presence of Vital Kamerhe, the National President of assembly, Denis Kalume Numbi, the State Ministry of Defence, the Presidents of Provincial assemblies of North and South Kivu, Abbey Malu-Malu, the President of CEI (Independent Electoral Commission). The official session will be launched on January 6. According to Radio Okapi, CNDP has declared supporting this conference, commit to participate if they receive an invitation and called for a ceasefire.


OCHA conducted a mission in Rutshuru territory from December 27-28.


Patrick Lavand'homme, Head of Office, Goma (North Kivu), OCHA-DR Congo
Email: lavandhomme@un.org

Magalie Salazar, Public Information Officer (North Kivu), OCHA-DR Congo
Email: salazar4@un.org
Tel: +243 (0) 819 889 152

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.