Displacement Tracking Matrix – Democratic Republic of Congo, Report #1: June 2018 – Province of Lomami
Forced displacement and Return movements in Lomami - Assessment Report
As a response to the humanitarian crisis that is currently affecting the Democratic Republic of Congo, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) launched Displacement Tracking Matrix exercises (DTM) in seven (7) provinces of the country in order to collect up-to-date information on forcibly displaced persons and returnees. These results will provide a better understanding of the displacement dynamics in DRC and support the humanitarian response.
This report provides the main findings of the DTM assessments that were conducted in the Lomami province from the 13th of April to the 12th of May 2018 within 312 health areas (aires de santé). The information provided in this report reflects population movements that occurred in 2016, 2017, and during the first quarter of 2018.
These assessments were conducted following standard DTM methodologies and tools that were developed by IOM in various countries in the world. IOM field teams have reached all the accessible villages in the Lomami province and collected data through key informant interviews.
For these assessments, a total of 2,684 villages have been evaluated through 8,977 key informants’ interviews by IOM’s partner PDHPES, in collaboration with the DPS (Division Provinciale de la Santé). In general, most of the IDPs in the province have been identified in the territories of Luilu and Mwene-Ditu (35 % and 31 % respectively). In Mwene-Ditu, Kalenda, and Makota health zones, the displaced population represents 18 %, 15,4 % and 12,6 % of the IDPs identified in the Lomami province, respectively.
Although only 6 % of the IDPs of the province were recorded in Kamiji, the displaced population in this health zone represents 18 % of the local population. Luilu, which is the territory mostly affected by internal displacement movements, is also the main returning area where 40,6 % of the return movements have occurred. Around 30 % of the returnees in the province live in Kalenda health zones, they represent 38 % of the local population in this area.