DR Congo

Democratic Republic of Congo Key Message Update, March 2018

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Slight recovery of agriculture in conflict zones and uncertainty for season B harvests in Ituri

Key Messages

In Ituri, North Kivu, and South Kivu Provinces, there is continuing deterioration of the security and humanitarian situation, accompanied by many types of violence (killings, destruction of homes, abductions, and looting). This situation exacerbates the already fragile situation in these areas, which have seen increased displacement since the beginning of the year.

The current period corresponds to the end of the planting season for staple foods in the Northeast and Center-East, while in the South (ex-Katanga) the green harvest of maize and groundnuts has begun. Rainfall has been normal and agricultural production in the southeast is expected to be normal, though the region still produces only 30 percent of the local needs since the area is primarily focused on mining and relies on neighboring Zambia for food imports.

In Fizi, South Kivu, where unrest has caused displacement in recent months, compared to prices over the past three months, there has been a significant increase in prices for staple foods. Prices for cassava and maize flour have nearly tripled (150 and 200 percent, respectively). Palm oil prices have also doubled (OCHA).

According to results of the December 2017 SMART survey conducted by the NGO, GRAINES, nutritional status in Fizi, South Kivu continues to deteriorate with GAM and SAM rates at 13.9 percent and 4 percent respectively. This situation could worsen as agricultural households missed both recent agricultural seasons following violent clashes from September 2017 until February 2018, which left nearly 188,000 people displaced (OCHA).