2018 IN REVIEW
This Annual Report presents information on the achievements of the DRC Humanitarian Fund during the 2018 calendar year. However, because grant allocation, project implementation and reporting processes often take place over multiple years (CBPFs are designed to support ongoing and evolving humanitarian responses), the achievement of CBPFs are reported in two distinct ways:
Information on allocations granted in 2018 (shown in blue). This method considers intended impact of the allocations rather than achieved results as project implementation and reporting often continues into the subsequent year and results information is not immediately available at the time of publication of annual reports.
Results reported in 2018 attributed to allocations granted in 2018 and prior years (shown in orange). This method provides a more complete picture of achievements during a given calendar year but includes results from allocations that were granted in previous years. This data is extracted from final narrative reports approved between 1 January 2018 – 31 January 2019.
Figures for people targeted and reached may include double counting as individuals often receive aid from multiple cluster/sectors.
Contribution recorded based on the exchange rate when the cash was received which may differ from the Certified Statement of Accounts that records contributions based on the exchange rate at the time of the pledge.
Humanitarian situation in 2018
In 2018, the humanitarian crisis remained acute due to persistent armed conflicts involving communities, armed groups and the Democratic Republic of Congo Armed Forces (FARDC), as well as socio-economic challenges.
Among the most prominent events that occurred, mainly in the east of the country (North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri and Tanganyika) and in the centre (Kasaï Central), were military operations against militias and armed groups, and the increase of community-related violence. These situations triggered new displacement, with a total of 2.1 million new internally displaced people (IDPs). In addition, 2018 saw the arrival of 536,271 refugees and 998,200 returnees.
Although a certain lull in some areas favoured a decrease in new displacements and an increase in returns, humanitarian challenges are still multiple and worryingly severe. By the end of 2018, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance was estimated at 12.8 million - more than 13 per cent of the total population of the DRC. Among the most vulnerable, 52 per cent were women and girls. Besides an increase in food insecurity, affecting 101 of 145 territories, the country recorded two outbreaks of Ebola virus disease.
This volatile context is also affected by insufficient infrastructure, devastating natural disasters, considerable difficulties in accessing basic goods and services, and aggravated tensions fuelled by the electoral process at the end of the year.
As a consequence of the lull in the security context, particularly in parts of Kasai and Tanganyika, 2018 saw a reduction in the number of new displacements in all conflict-affected areas: 1.07 million new displacements from January to June 2018, compared to 2.8 million in the same period in 2017.
At the same time, 998,200 people were reported to have returned throughout the country, which is more than projected in 2017.
Due to ongoing violence and insecurity in neighbouring countries, the DRC continued to receive refugees, mainly from South Sudan, the Central African Republic and Burundi. As of 31 August 2018, the country counted 536,271 refugees, most of them being children and young people under 18 years old.
Although the security situation was more favourable in 2018, the needs remain acute among the displaced and returned populations, as well as in hosting areas.
Humanitarian Response Plan for 2018
The humanitarian response strategy in DRC is multisectoral and triannual, and targets 10.5 million people.
- 13.1M People in need
- 10.5M People targeted
- $1.68B Funding required
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.