Note: The last fact sheet was dated September 22, 2010.
Incidents of violence and displacement persist throughout North Kivu, South Kivu, and Orientale provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Between August 31 and March 31, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Orientale and South Kivu provinces rose by 14 and 6 percent, respectively, while the IDP figure for North Kivu Province decreased by 37 percent, according to the U.N. Due to frequently changing security conditions, displacements and returns often occur simultaneously and within the same province, resulting in fluid displacement numbers.
On April 15, U.N. agencies and local authorities began a joint mission to assess humanitarian conditions in Tanganyika District in northern Katanga Province, where Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) attacks on gold mining villages near the South Kivu border have displaced approximately 54,000 people to the area around Kalemie town since early 2011. The IDPs—comprising primarily children and women—expressed the need for shelter, food, kitchen items, and other relief commodities.
The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) recently expressed concern regarding the rising number of increasingly violent attacks against humanitarian agency staff, particularly in North Kivu, South Kivu, and Orientale provinces. During the week of April 10, armed men killed two aid workers and injured three others in three separate attacks on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The attacks are hindering humanitarian access and reducing humanitarian activities and aid distributions throughout affected areas.
USAID/OFDA FY 2011 funding addresses humanitarian protection, provides health services, and supports household livelihoods for as many as 470,000 people, including IDPs, host communities, and other affected populations in North Kivu and Orientale provinces. In addition, more than $11 million in USAID/OFDA FY 2010 funding continues to support agriculture and food security, economic recovery, logistics, health, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions for nearly 650,000 people in North Kivu, Orientale, and South Kivu provinces.