Democratic Republic of the Congo
Four cases of Ebola with two deaths have been confirmed in Nord-Kivu as at 15 February. The fatalities were reported in the Biena health zone. 281 contacts are being traced in Katwa and Biena health zones (Nord-Kivu). A previous Ebola outbreak affected Nord-Kivu, Sud Kivu, and Ituri provinces between August 2018 and June 2020, resulting in 2,268 deaths from 3,317 confirmed cases. Katwa health zone accounted for nearly 22% of deaths during that outbreak. The Katwa treatment centre is being rehabilitated and a new treatment centre will be constructed in Biena health zone. Cases of measles and COVID-19 have also been reported in the health zones of Katwa and Biena and surrounding health zones (Manguredjipa, Musienene, Butembo, Kalunguta and Mabalako).
Those most in need in Tigray include IDPs, refugees, and children. An unknown number of IDPs are in inaccessible areas of Central and North Western Zones, and likely have high needs across all sectors. In Mekele and Shire, IDPs are hosted in collective sites with inadequate facilities, including WASH, and have heightened protection needs. Lack of site management and proper IDP registration pose challenges for verifying numbers of IDPs. Many IDPs are unaccompanied or separated children. Children remain at risk of abduction, recruitment, and exploitation, and in need of food, protection, nutritional services, and psychosocial support. Shimelba and Hitsats camps remain inaccessible to humanitarians and authorities plan to close them. The camps hosted some 30,000 Eritrean refugees as at November 2020, who are now at risk of involuntary and unsafe relocation. Access remains constrained, particularly into rural areas and the Central, Eastern, and North Western Zones.
Somalia is likely to face critical water shortages in several regions, following poor 2020 seasonal rains and abnormally high temperatures. A drought assessment in December 2020 and January 2021 across Somaliland, Puntland, Galmudug and Jubaland found pre-drought conditions including shallow wells and loss of livestock and pasture. 90% of households reported reduced water consumption, and only 238 of 1,250 shallow wells (19%) contained water. In Somaliland, 50% of assessed communities reported population movement related to water shortage since October. In Galmudug and Jubaland, communities have reported reduced water consumption because of water scarcity and increased water prices. Pastoral families have started migrating in search of pasture and water across different regions within Somalia and across the border to Ethiopia.