Climate Change Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo (East)

Report
from Government of the Netherlands
Published on 05 Feb 2019 View Original

Introduction

This climate change profile is designed to help integrate climate actions into development activities. It complements the publication ‘Climate-smart = Future-Proof! – Guidelines for Integrating climate-smart actions into development policies and activities’ and provides answers to some of the questions that are raised in the step-by-step approach in these guidelines.
The current and expected effects of climate change differ locally, nationally and regionally. The impacts of climate change effects on livelihoods, food and water security, ecosystems, infrastructure etc. differ per country and region as well as community and individual, with gender a particularly important vulnerability factor. This profile aims to give insight in the climate change effects and impacts in East DRC (Nord-Kivu and Sud-Kivu and to a lesser extent the provinces of Haut-Congo, Maniema and Katanga - see Map 1) as part of the Great Lakes region, with particular attention for food security and water. It also sheds light on the policies, priorities and commitments of the government in responding to climate change and important climaterelevant activities that are being implemented, including activities being internationally financed. If no specific information was available for this region, countrywide information was used.

Summary

Climate change is expected to increase current vulnerabilities within the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). While there will be significant biophysical impact, particularly in the northeast, with increasing temperatures and changing rainfall patterns, due to its widespread poverty, high population density, and the country’s conflict situation, DRC’s high vulnerability is primarily related to socioeconomic factors. Food security will be affected due to crop losses and failures, increased livestock mortality, negative impacts on fisheries, and damage to infrastructure.