WFP Emergency Report No. 21 of 2002

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 24 May 2002


This report includes:
(A) Global Resourcing Update

(B) Asia Region: (1) Democratic People's Republic of Korea

(C) West and Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran

(D) Middle East: (1) Palestinian Territories

(E) East and Southern Africa Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Zimbabwe,

(3) Malawi, (4) Zambia, (5) Djibouti, (6) Kenya, (7) Ethiopia

(F) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Namibia, (3) Democratic Republic of Congo

(G) West Africa Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Guinea, (3) Sierra Leone, (4) Côte d'Ivoire

(H) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) Colombia, (2) El Salvador, (3) Guatemala, (4) Mexico

(I) Eastern Europe Region: (1) North Caucasus

From Francesco Strippoli, Director of the Office of Humanitarian Affairs; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail
from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org.

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Global Resourcing Update

(a) WFP's overall net food aid requirements in 2002 stand at almost four million tons, valued at some USD 1.9 billion. This includes 2 million tons worth approximately USD 1 billion for emergency operations (EMOPs) and 0.8 million tons worth some USD 470 million for PRROs. These needs are over and above all 2001 carry-over stocks and pledges. Donor contributions in 2002 have decreased by 10 percent compared to the same time last year. This decrease is already being felt as many operations are facing immediate pipeline breaks in all commodities.

(b) WFP is particularly alarmed about the resourcing status of the EMOPs, for which 68 percent of 2002 food aid requirements remain unmet. Furthermore, these needs will certainly increase significantly as ongoing assessment teams are currently in the Southern Africa region to estimate the needs of millions of people affected by drought and critical food shortages. Normally at this time of year, WFP's high-profile EMOPs are resourced reasonably well. This year, however, even the high profile operations such as Afghanistan and North Korea are running out of food.

(c) The overall 2002 shortfall for PRROs is at 54 percent. A number of PRROs are faced with unforeseen increased requirements such as in Angola with the demobilisation process and increased WFP access to needy populations; West Africa Coastal due to an upsurge of fighting in Liberia; and Sri Lanka following the cease-fire that so far seems to be holding and is expected to encourage IDPs and refugees to return to their places of origin.

B) Asia Region: (1) Democratic People's Republic of Korea

1) Democratic People's Republic of Korea

(a) The operation is heavily under-resourced. Some 43 percent of the 2002 food needs are still not resourced, with the remaining shortfall for the May - December period of about 260,000 tons. WFP has had to dramatically scale down its operations in view of the continuing shortfalls and pipeline breaks. In May, WFP stopped distributing food to 350,000 elderly people, 675,000 secondary school children and 144,000 caregivers in child institutions and staff in paediatric wards.

(b) Without immediate new contributions of cereals and sugar, the remaining resources will be exhausted before the end of the third quarter, and WFP will be compelled to stop distributions. WFP is prioritising its assistance for the most vulnerable - orphans, young children, pregnant and nursing women - among whom there is a high prevalence of malnutrition. It is estimated that 40 percent of children under the age of 5 are malnourished. There is a real risk of losing gains made in reducing acute malnutrition among women and children.

(c) In the absence of WFP assistance, some 6.4 million people, most of them women and children, will need to rely on a Public Distribution System that only provides them with perhaps 200-250 grams of cereal per day.

C) West and Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran

1) Afghanistan

(a) WFP EMOP currently faces a shortfall of 254,000 tons of food worth USD 138 million or 49 percent of the total requirements. Because of an immediate shortfall of 50,000 tons through June, WFP has had to take measures to scale down distributions, disrupting and suspending school feeding (FFE), food for work (FFW) and food for asset creation (FOODAC) activities. Unless contributions are confirmed soon, there will be a total break in the pipeline in July, just when millions of Afghans are struggling with the most difficult pre-harvest time.

(b) If the EMOP shortfall is not met, WFP will have to reduce the food rations, as well as the number of beneficiaries. WFP's FFE projects launched in late March to cover up to one million school children, will be threatened. WFP also foresees significant cuts in FFW activities and assistance to IDPs/Returnees, during the most difficult pre-harvest months. This is compounded by the fact that the number of returning refugees is expected to be more than double the original estimate of 500,000, making the situation critical.

(c) Given that some 40 percent of the Afghan population remains entirely dependent on food assistance, it is essential that adequate food supplies are available immediately in order to ensure the continuation of the WFP EMOP 10155.00 and prevent a further deterioration of the already serious situation. Immediate cash contributions would help avoid a break in the cereals pipeline as cash can be used to purchase cereals regionally. Contributions of non-cereals are also urgently needed to meet the critical needs for supplementary and therapeutic feeding (SFC and TFC).

(d) While relative calm was reported throughout Kandahar and most of the Southern area, security along the Kandahar ? Kabul Highway is worsening. Kandahar City's School Feeding Programme was launched on 16 May. 31,100 students received bread in 29 schools. Since 19 March, over 13,800 returnee families and 163 displaced families arrived at the UNHCR KSO transit - distribution point under the returnee programme. An increase of 4,950 returnee families was observed this week. WFP dispatched 100 tons of food to the KSO and Daman District Centre.

(e) Over 44,100 IDPs are currently located in 5 camps in Spin Boldak, according to Islamic Relief-United Kingdom (IR-UK). WFP has provided 700 tons of food through IR-UK since January and plans to extend its support. The first relocation of IDPs from Spin Boldak camps to their places of origin commenced on 18 April. 460 persons returned to their villages in Ghazni and Paktia Provinces. In addition, approximately 40,000 IDPs are camped in Chaman's 'no man's land'. The UN, NGOs and local authorities are reviewing several relocation options.

(f) WFP significantly reduced FOODAC, FFW and free distribution in the Eastern provinces during the third week of May. Food distributions however, will continue under the Returnee Refugee, School Feeding, Institutional Feeding, Supplementary Feeding and Civil Servants Programmes. From 1 to 18 May, WFP distributed 2,700 tons food in the Eastern area.

(g) The security situation in the Northern region remains unpredictable and many aid agencies have not yet resumed activities. WFP distributions in Zari District and Balkhab have resumed since the security situation improved. 80 bakeries in Mazar City received 250 tons of wheat flour and produced 1.4 million loaves of bread for 20,000 most vulnerable families this week. In view of the pipeline shortages, only 50,000 students will participate in the FFE programme from June to December. 1,650 tons of food have been allocated.

(h) Torrential rain flooded Yan Gharreq and Tash Qurghan villages in Samagan Province (Northern area) on 8 May. An estimated 590 families lost their homes, livestock, crops and 3-month food ration. WFP distributed 50 tons of food to 4,350 beneficiaries and will provide an additional 2 month' distribution once storage facilities have been restored.

(i) Several incidents occurred in the Central Region during the last 10 days and are attributed to growing tensions as the Loya Jirga conference approaches. All monitoring missions were suspended in Paktika. WFP supplied 150 tons of food for in-patients in 17 hospitals and clinics in Kabul city. Heavy rains resulted in flash floods in Waras town in Bamyan Province, causing extensive damage to 18 villages. An estimated 25,000 people are reportedly affected and 20 percent of agricultural land has been damaged. Roads are impassable, blocking humanitarian relief aid efforts by road. A joint WFP, UNICEF, UNAMA and ISAF helicopter mission was launched to assess the needs and supply relief items.

(j) After a week of rains in the Eastern area causing the suspension of distributions, 1,060 tons of food were delivered to implementing partners. 800 tons of food were dispatched to Rustaq and Keshem for almost 16,000 households. Distribution of 700 tons of food for 10,100 families in Ragh District for the month of April was completed.

2) Iran

(a) Since the beginning of the repatriation programme on 9 April, UNHCR facilitated organised voluntary repatriation of 50,000 refugees . 57,000 people have spontaneously returned home without UNHCR assistance.

D) Middle East: (1) Palestinian Territories

1) Palestinian Territories

(a) On 21 May, WFP launched an emergency operation to assist 500,000 Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip with about 70,000 tons of food, to cover their basic needs until the end of the year. With about 29,000 tons of food already covered, this operation is short of about 41,000 tons of food worth over USD 18 million. WFP is appealing to all donors to provide further contributions.

(b) Living conditions have dramatically deteriorated in the Palestinian Territories. Malnutrition is rapidly increasing. Even when food is available in some of the markets, many people have become increasingly unable to meet all their food needs. According to a recent World Bank study, up to 50 percent of the Palestinians in the Occupied Territories live below the poverty line, earning less than USD 2 a day per person.

(c) Largely dependent on Israel, the Palestinian agricultural and food economy has been foundering. Due to Israeli closures and security procedures, Palestinian farmers and fishermen are unable to sustain a regular supply for the local markets. The Palestinian territories' annual cereal production averages around 60,000 tons, while needs are estimated at 800,000 tons, with the shortfall usually covered through commercial imports.

E) East and Southern Africa Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Zimbabwe, (3) Malawi, (4) Zambia, (5) Djibouti, (6) Kenya, (7) Ethiopia

1) Regional overview

(a) WFP is concerned about the international community's response to a massive regional operation to relieve Southern Africa's worst food shortages in a decade. WFP is already feeding about 2.6 million people in Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe, but a regional combination of drought, floods, depleted food stocks and economic instability suggest this figure could rise to more than eight million over the coming months.

(b) Preparations are underway to draft a regional EMOP in order to address the needs in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The regional EMOP is expected to be operational in July. In all the countries WFP food assistance is being provided either through budget revisions or new short EMOPs to bridge the gap between May and July.

(c) The FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply missions have been completed in Zimbabwe, Malawi, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland and the findings are being compiled. Preliminary reports are currently under review. The assessment mission in Zambia will complete its work by 24 May and the report will be forthcoming.

2) Zimbabwe

(a) In Zimbabwe, the cumulative distributions since February have surpassed 9,000 tons on 21 May. Almost 435,400 needy people have been assisted in the 19 targeted districts since the distributions started. WFP facilitated a meeting of donors and NGOs to discuss operational issues and resourcing. WFP has also engaged a consultant to analyse the maize market in Zimbabwe. The analysis will inform a proposal that is under consideration for extending food assistance to targeted vulnerable urban populations.

3) Malawi

(a) So far, WFP has been distributing 360 tons of fortified maize meal and CSB under EMOP 10153, through 20 health centres in the central region, benefiting 7,150 women and 16,000 under-five children.

(b) Following the Emergency Needs Assessment mission, WFP Vulnerability Analysis Mapping Unit prioritised areas for food security monitoring and food distributions. Among these areas are Salima and Lilongwe in Central Region and Mangochi and Blantyre in South Region. Of particular concern, is the potential increase in the numbers of malnourished children presently being supported under WFP regular development activities.

4) Zambia

(a) WFP has dispatched over 3,660 tons of food to 18 out of the 19 targeted districts through the fourth week of this phase of the EMOP. Total number of beneficiaries to receive food in this phase of the EMOP stands at about 406,000.

5) Djibouti

(a) On 23 May, WFP warned that food supplies for 25,000 Somali refugees living in Djibouti are rapidly running out, posing a serious risk of malnutrition. WFP has appealed to the international community to provide 8,000 tons of food needed to prevent a deterioration of the refugees' nutritional situation in the Holl-Holl and Ali-Adde camps. WFP launched in March an eighteen-month relief and recovery operation to provide assistance to refugees in Djibouti. So far, WFP has received less than 17 percent of the USD 4 million needed for the operation.

(b) In April, WFP was forced to reduce food rations by 20 percent due to insufficient resources. Refugees are no longer receiving CSB, while vegetable oil rations have been cut by 50 percent. The break in WFP's food pipeline might also delay a refugee repatriation programme planned jointly by UNHCR and WFP which is due to start early June with a group of about 2,000 Somali refugees.

6) Kenya

(a) A new Kenya drought EMOP was approved on 24 April, to last until October. However, due to the critical pipeline shortage of some 47,000 tons of cereals, all general food distributions have ceased since the beginning of May. In April, just 5 out of 9 districts received general food distributions.

(b) The Kenya PRRO 6226.00 still faces a resourcing shortage of over 5,000 tons of food until the end of 2002. By June, some existing stocks will be totally depleted. Urgent pledges are needed to ensure that beneficiaries in both Dadaab and Kakuma refugee camps receive an adequate diet.

(c) WFP has airlifted 7 tons of CSB emergency food aid to Somali refugees displaced in Mandera district, in the north-east of the Kenya. The refugees fled to the area to escape fierce fighting in southern Somalia, which first erupted in mid April.

(d) Thousands of people have required temporary shelter and emergency drugs, sanitation and water as unseasonably heavy rains caused flooding in western Kenya and along the Tana River in eastern Kenya in the past few weeks. Although flood-waters have now subsided in most areas of the country, floods are still occurring in Nyanza province, in parts of Ijara and along the Tana River area.

7) Ethiopia

(a) The government's Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Commission's mid-season assessment of the belg indicates good conditions for most belg-crop producing areas, apart from Southern Tigray. In areas that do not harvest crops from the belg season, the belg rains have been good for land preparation for long-cycle meher crops, but there is concern for areas receiving poor rain, such as the lowlands of Bale.

(b) WFP's EMOP for small-scale farmers and drought-affected pastoralists is planned to cover 40 percent of the 2002 relief food requirements established by the government-led inter-agency assessment. Target beneficiary numbers increased from 1.1 million in January to 4.8 million in April. The relief food aid requirement in cereals for January- April was over 160,000 tons but distributions are estimated to have been only 60,000 tons. To reach more beneficiaries, a reduced ration scale has been adopted; furthermore, the most severely affected districts were prioritised for distributions. Efforts have also been made to pre-position food in districts that become inaccessible during the forthcoming meher (main) rainfall season in the highlands.

(c) Recent donor contributions have improved relief food availability substantially and for May, June and July, the targeted beneficiaries (around 4 million per month) can be reached, though at a reduced ration scale. However, the current level of confirmed contributions will only cover requirements until early August. A further 70,000 tons of cereals are needed to meet the requirements to the end of 2002; while supplementary commodities of fortified blended food and vegetable oil have also been requested, the first priority is to ensure the basic cereal ration is available. Of 250,000 tons of relief food aid in cereals made available for 2002 by donors so far, some 146,000 tons (58 percent) has been channelled through WFP.

F) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Namibia, (3) Democratic Republic of Congo

1) Angola

(a) WFP plans to assist 1,160,000 beneficiaries under the new PRRO recently approved by the Executive Board. This represents an increase of 11.5 percent over the ongoing PRRO. Given recent developments since the PRRO was drafted, the number of IDPs requiring assistance is being reviewed.

(b) WFP operations in Angola face a shortfall of 56,314 tons of commodities valued at USD 48 million (29 percent of the total need). Unless maize and oil are resourced, WFP will have to reduce rations for some needy beneficiaries as the number of IDPs needing regular assistance is increasing. WFP's passenger air service faces a shortfall of more than 66 percent while the Air Transport of Non-Food Items is currently under-funded by nearly 63 percent. With no commercial air services to the areas in greatest need, these special operations are vital for the transportation of passengers and non-food items.

(c) Approximately 500 IDPs were registered this week in Balombo, Casseque, Ebanga and Capupa communes (Benguela province). They received WFP assistance. Almost 1,000 new arrivals were registered in Kuito and Camacupa (Bié province), where they received emergency rations. Registration of new beneficiaries also continued during the week in Cuemba and arrangements are being made in collaboration with CARE for urgent food distribution.

(d) Over 3,000 new IDPs are receiving food in newly accessible areas of Tchikala Tcholahanga and Katchiungo in Huambo province. MSF-F opened a new SFC in Bunjei to support malnourished children from Galangue and Chipindo and has requested WFP food for another 850 children. In Caala, around 1,000 children are being assisted. Approximately 4,700 new IDPs in Longonjo municipality and IDPs resettled in Kasssola and Bongo were assisted with WFP food.

(e) Following a recent rapid assessment, around 8,500 new IDPs were registered in Chipindo (Huila province). WFP is making the necessary arrangements to start food distribution next week. A rapid assessment mission in the commune of Dongo ? Jamba municipality recommended that IDPs receive immediate assistance. While mortality rates in the Chipindo nutritional centres have decreased, many children are being readmitted due to insufficient food availability in their homes.

(f) In Kwanza Norte, an inter-agency mission, including WFP, recommended urgent relief to populations in the newly accessible areas of Samba-Lucala and Mussabo. Severely malnourished IDPs continue to arrive in Waco Kungo in Kwanza Sul. WFP's implementing partner, Movimondo, distributed food to 150 IDPs newly arrived in Wako-Kungo.

2) Namibia

(a) Food was distributed to approximately 18,000 refugees in Osire camp during the week. Beneficiaries received a modified 2,100 kcal ration due to the current shortage of sugar. The SFC is currently feeding 105 children and continues to experience high return rates of discharged children due to poor hygiene at the household level. AHA is continuing its community health campaign. UNHCR reported 93 new arrivals to Osire so far in May, including 71 Angolans (reportedly newly arrived in Namibia) who have been registered and provided with food rations.

3) Democratic Republic of Congo

(a) The implementation of WFP's activities is still impeded by the intensification of insecurity in the eastern parts of the country and late arrival of food stocks. Although the project has been resourced at 72 percent, the main problem lies in the late arrival of food commodities. Some resources programmed in 2001 have been arriving in 2002. This seriously impacts on the implementation of WFP's activities.

(b) The UNHCR/WFP/FAO Joint Food Assessment Mission intended to assess the nutritional status and needs of Angolan and Congolese refugees settled in the southern provinces of Bas-Congo, Bandundu and Katanga was fielded from 13 to 25 April. Preliminary results established that the nutritional status of refugees was acceptable, with the exception of the recently accessible beneficiaries settled in Kimvula and Ngidinga. The total caseload should decrease from 80,000 to 53,000 by August.

(c) WFP barges reached Befale and Basankusu in the Equateur Province. In Basankusu, 270 tons of food will be distributed to 15,000 IDPs, 300 malnourished children and 150 street children through Caritas. 190 tons of WFP food, 4,850 tons of FAO seeds and 1,300 agricultural tools will be distributed to 7,500 people through Caritas in Befale.

(d) 27,150 IDPs were registered by the local authorities at the end of March in Mbandaka. However, this caseload is likely to increase due to recent population movements from Kisangani to Mbandaka. WFP distributed over 220 tons of food to 18,200 beneficiaries in Mbandaka. In Zongo, following UNHCR's awareness campaign to encourage CAR refugees sheltered in remote villages to join the camps, the number of refugees in the camps increased from 3,740 to 5,950. WFP recently dispatched 144 tons of food to cover the needs of 5,500 refugees in the Bokilio and Mole camps.

(e) Insecurity remained high throughout the South Kivu province, causing new waves of population displacements and restricting WFP access to over 17,000 children requiring food assistance. During the first half of May, WFP distributed 200 tons of food to 13,400 beneficiaries, of which 8,800 people involved in seeds protection activities in Bukavu area.

(f) Recent WFP and World Vision International needs assessment missions in the North Kivu province showed that over 69,650 IDPs/returnees were in urgent need of assistance alongside the Bireambizo-Bwito axis or Masisi and Walikale. However, due to food shortfalls, distributions were momentarily suspended. Some 91,464 people have been targeted for food distribution in Kinshasa area. This caseload includes 51,400 people assisted under nutrition related activities as well as 3,800 heads of household entitled to food rations through FFW activities and 4,000 people through FFT activities.

G) West Africa Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Guinea, (3) Sierra Leone, (4) Côte d'Ivoire

1) Regional overview

(a) WFP's regional PRRO 10064.0, running from January to December 2002 currently faces a shortfall of 39,870 tons of food or 38 percent of the total requirements. None of the contributions pledged so far have arrived. The region continuously experiences two problems: the late pledge of food aid and delays in the arrival of vessels.

(b) The shortfalls will become particularly critical in August and September, when the pipeline will have serious ruptures in cereals and vegetable oil. Additional cash contributions are therefore urgently required or the operation will have to reduce ration for rehabilitation activities and settled displaced persons. If pipeline problems continue, rations for newly arrived refugees who are extremely vulnerable will need to be cut.

(c) The light air passenger service for Guinea and neighbouring countries needs additional support to continue running beyond July. With the increased instability in Liberia, this aircraft has become an essential tool allowing for the rapid evacuation of the staff. The helicopter service in Sierra Leone is also underfunded. These air operations not only allow humanitarian access to remote areas, but also guarantee the evacuation of personnel in case of insecurity, which is a major concern in the region.

2) Guinea

(a) From 6 to 19 May, WFP assisted 51,400 vulnerable people under various programmes, providing them with 735 tons of food. This includes assistance to refugees, IDPs as well as school children. The influx of new Liberian refugees dramatically increased during the last two weeks. Since 13 May, 8,000 Liberian refugees reportedly arrived in Guinea. More refugees are expected to arrive due to the unstable situation in Liberia. Halted since 6 May, repatriation to Sierra Leone started again on 20 May following the end of the elections. Approximately 12,000 Sierra Leonean refugees have been repatriated in 2002.

3) Sierra Leone

(a) From 6 to 19 May, WFP distributed over 500 tons of food to 66,900 beneficiaries. As recommended by the UN Field Security Officer, food distributions were scaled back considerably during the presidential and parliamentary elections. Approximately 2.3 million Sierra Leoneans voted on 14 May in peaceful conditions. The winner was incumbent President, Ahmed Tejan Kabbah.

(b) Prior to the most recent developments, UNHCR had planned for an influx of 40,000 Liberian refugees in the course of 2002. There are currently more than 15,000 refugees in camps. WFP continues to update its contingency plan, based on figures provided by UNHCR, for expected Liberian refugee arrivals. An inter-agency contingency plan is under preparation.

4) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) The overall situation in Côte d'Ivoire and in the areas bordering Liberia remains stable. On 20 May, UNHCR had registered over 13,350 Liberian refugees arrived in Côte d'Ivoire since May 2001. 1,140 of them arrived since the renewed fighting in Bong county in early May 2002. The rate of new arrivals in the areas of Toulepleu and Tabou is expected to increase.

(b) WFP, in collaboration with Caritas, assists with food aid all those who volunteer to settle in Nicla camp. 3,300 refugees are currently receiving assistance from WFP at Nicla under the regional PRRO 6271. During the last two weeks, 104 refugees have travelled to Nicla refugee camp on their own, and UNHCR is about to transfer an additional 200 refugees. A Joint Food Assessment Mission will take place between 18 and 21 June to make recommendations regarding the continuation of WFP's assistance in Nicla camp.

H) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) Colombia, (2) El Salvador, (3) Guatemala, (4) Mexico

1) Colombia

(a) On 16 May, WFP Executive Board approved PRRO for Colombia 10158.0, which is proposed to cover the needs of 375,000 displaced persons for a three-year period starting in January 2003. WFP will seek USD 25.9 million from the donor community for this three-year PRRO.

(b) The Presidential elections will take place on 26 May. Intense fighting between armed groups and the Colombian army has been reported in various regions, including Antioquia, Choco and Norte de Santander. However, WFP continued to deliver food as planned. Over ten tons of food were supplied in support of ongoing FFW projects.

(c) Upon request from the Government, WFP has provided emergency food assistance in the province of Choco (western Pacific coast) to 500 children that were displaced from Bojaya due to insecurity since the beginning of May. 5,000 out of 15,000 emergency rations have already been provided by WFP. WFP reported that 2,610 new IDPs arrived at Quibdo (capital city of Choco).

2) El Salvador

(a) A storm and tornado have destroyed 60 temporary houses on 16 May in the western region of the country. With a WFP/Government/Plan International contribution, houses are under construction for those families still living in dire conditions after last year's earthquakes. CARE has requested 218 tons for distributions to 4,300 families working in post-earthquake reconstruction activities under EMOP 10022.0.

(b) The drought remains a major problem in the northeastern region of the country. There are reports of communities running out of drinking water in Morazan province. Provisions are being made to provide emergency water tanks for these areas. WFP in collaboration with CARE is reviewing the targeting of activities carried out under PRRO 6089.0 (Post Hurricane Mitch assistance) in the more isolated areas of the country. CARE has now established new contacts in the dry zones and is expected to move a significant part of its resources to these areas.

3) Guatemala

(a) WFP EMOP 10174.1 currently faces a shortfall of USD 3,313,009 or 5,000 tons, nearly 68 percent of the requirements. This shortfall has an immediate impact on the 31,000 families affected by the drought. Urgently needed are 1200 tons of CSB for supplementary feeding activities intended to support the almost 155,000 beneficiaries suffering from malnutrition. Maize, pulses and vegetable oil supplies will run out in a matter of weeks. Approximately 4,400 people, including 875 children with acute malnutrition, have been receiving WFP assistance in 53 nutritional centres since 10 May.

4) Mexico

(a) Experts indicate that Mexico's most active volcano, Volcán Colima may erupt at any time. Since 18 May, 300 persons have been evacuated in the villages of Juan Barragan, El Agostadero, Los Machos and La Yerbabuena. National authorities have closed the area in the Jalisco and Colima provinces within 4 miles of the volcano's summit and placed communities within a 7.2-mile radius on alert. WFP is monitoring the situation.

I) Eastern Europe Region: (1) North Caucasus

1) North Caucasus

(a) For the month of May, WFP dispatched 4,600 tons of food to assist 305,000 beneficiaries in Ingushetia and Chechnya. The Steering Committee on Food Aid does not expect any mass return of IDPs from Ingushetia this year unless the security situation in Chechnya improves. UNHCR reported a lower number of IDPs travelling between Ingushetia and Chechnya during the fortnight - less than 100 persons daily crossing the border from both sides.

(b) As of 15 May, the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) registered over 139,550 IDPs in Ingushetia. Most of the IDPs are hosted by residents. According to DRC registration, there are about 786,000 people residing in the Republic of Chechnya as of 15 May. Of them, over 140,000 IDPs and more than 121,000 vulnerable persons are heavily relying on humanitarian aid. WFP has been supplying food for 20,000 primary school children in 80 schools, and plans to expand it for 45,000 children in 164 schools from September this year. Distributions are carried out in collaboration with DRC, CPCD, Islamic Relief and Chechen Refugee Council in Grozny City, Achkhoy-Martan and Sunzha Districts of Chechnya.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons

(End WFP Emergency Report No 21)