Food aid said diverted to N.Korea military - Interview

News and Press Release
Originally published
ROME, Feb 11 (Reuters) - The United States is receiving reports that United Nations food aid for desperately hungry North Korean women and children is being eaten by the military instead, a senior U.S. official said on Tuesday.
Tony Hall, Rome-based U.S. ambassador to the U.N. food agencies, said the United States was pushing to tighten monitoring of U.N. food aid distribution in North Korea.

The U.N. World Food Programme (WFP), the world's biggest food aid agency, said on Monday it was halting food aid to hundreds of thousands of North Koreans because of an unprecedented slump in donations.

The shortfall, coinciding with a political standoff between Washington and Pyongyang, had forced the WFP to cut supplies to people in the east of the isolated Communist nation after saying late last year it would halt aid to 2.9 million in the west.

"We continue to hear that our food is being diverted to the military," Hall told Reuters in an interview, saying the reports came from individuals and non-governmental organisations.

"We don't like that. The food is not designed for that. The food is aimed especially at women and children -- people who are hurting."

Hall said the United States was working through the Rome-based WFP as it negotiated in North Korea for a much more thorough monitoring of food aid handouts.

"We haven't heard what the results of those talks are yet. But we are pressing, and we are very concerned about it."

WFP Executive Director James Morris told Reuters in December that donors were concerned because the North Korean authorities had not handed over a full list of those receiving the food aid and had restricted access to hunger zones. He said the WFP had access to only 162 of the 206 counties in North Korea.

The United States has been the biggest donor of food to North Korea, providing 68 percent of contributions to WFP operations in North Korea in 2002, according to U.S. figures.

In cash terms, U.S. contributions to WFP operations in North Korea dropped to $63 million in 2002 from $102 million in 2001 and $185 million in 2000.

The United States has not yet announced a pledge for 2003. The European Union has pledged $10 million for this year, and Italy a further $3 million in bilateral aid.

Hall urged other donors, including Japan, to pledge aid for North Korea. Japan gave no donations to WFP operations in North Korea in 2002 after giving $104 million in 2001.

"We need help from our allies," Hall said. "Japan could really help."

Hall said competition from other food emergencies around the world, including some 38 million Africans at risk of starvation, had put pressure on donations to North Korea.

"I can't remember in my experience of working in the humanitarian field when we have had so many crises at one time," Hall said.

Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation
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