DPRK: Agricultural project in Kosan County - co-operative farm of Ranjong result of the assessment 4 Dec 2001

from CESVI - Cooperazione e Sviluppo Onlus
Published on 04 Dec 2001

Farm representatives: Mr Choe Ji Hyon, president
Cesvi staff: Davide Mariani, Kim Myong Sik

2.067 people
1.040 of them being farmers
470 of the farmers being males
537 households
14 work teams
55 sub work teams

Arable land

total land 478 ha
paddy 216 ha
dry land 183 ha
wheat + barley 30 ha (already included in dry land)
potato 35 ha (already included in dry land)
fruit trees 71 ha
mulberry trees 8 ha

Harvest and yield

yield (tons/ha)
harvest (tons)
rice (2000)
maize (2000)
wheat + barley (2000)
potato (2000)
wheat + barley (2001)
potato (2001)
note: updated figures for latest harvest of maize and rice are not yet available, due to the effects of the October’s flood in Kangwon.

Comments by co-operative farm’s representative:

Crop production:

winter wheat and barley are cultivated in double cropping; after the harvest, they sow maize, potato or vegetables with transplantation, obtaining the same yield as main crops.

average production of winter wheat is 1 to 2 plants for each seed.


NPK (15/15/15) and Urea are the only used fertilisers; the rates of application for different crops are as follows:

- Rice: 570 kg/ha

- Maize: 480 kg/ha

- Wheat/barley: 455 kg/ha

- Potato: 455 kg/ha

data are intended to be expressed in terms of quantity of Nitrogen (ask Mr Kim for a correct translation); four applications take place: before the sowing, at the transplantation, the flowering and maturation stages.

Fruit trees:

they have apple, pear, peach, apricot and khaki trees; average production is 500 kg/ha. The production is assumed to be low because of lack of chemical products.

Map of the co-operative farm


there is a big 500.000 m3 reservoir, filled with spring and rain water; irrigation is done by gravity from the reservoir: when there is scarcity of rain, there is also not enough water for the crops. They see procurement of pumps, pipes, electric engines and transformer as natural solutions to the problem.


the needs expressed as most important are herbicides, plastic sheets for nurseries and tractor tyres.