DPRK: Agricultural project in Kosan County - co-operative farm of Kunro result of the assessment 19 Dec 2001

Report
from CESVI - Cooperazione e Sviluppo Onlus
Published on 19 Dec 2001


Farm representatives: Mr Kim Kun Su, chief engineer
Cesvi staff: Federico Paoli, Kim Myong Sik

Population:
1.837 people
986 of them being farmers
498 households
10 work teams
44 sub work teams

Arable land
total land 358 ha
paddy 136 ha
dry land 139 ha
maize 110 ha (already included in dry land)
wheat + barley 25 ha (already included in dry land)
potato 20 ha (already included in dry land)
soya 5 ha (already included in dry land)
vegetables 25 ha (already included in dry land)
fruit trees 38 ha
mulberry trees 45 ha
other 5 ha (already included in dry land)

Harvest and yield

crop
yield (tons/ha)
harvest (tons)
rice (2000)
2,184
392
maize (2000)
1,705
191
wheat + barley (2000)
0,839
26
potato (2000)
7,068
304
wheat + barley (2001)
0,800
20
potato (2001)
4,200
84
note: updated figures for latest harvest of maize and rice are not yet available, due to the effects of the October’s flood in Kangwon.

Comments by co-operative farm’s representative:

Crop production:

the land used for double cropping has been 20 ha in the last agricultural season; with vegetables they can have up to three cycles of crops.

the ratio of seeds per area is 150 kg/ha for the rice (?), 50 kg/ha for maize (?) and 1,5/3 tons/ha for potato .

the production of potatoes decreased in the last season, because of the scarcity of rains in June and July; they purchase potato seeds from Sepo (violet and white flowers); average production is 6/7 small potatoes per plant; they try to improve seeds quality by selection, but without any certification process.

Livestock:

the farm owns the following animals:

- 1.000 rabbits

- 650 chicken

- 150 pigs

- 70 goats

- 60 oxen

each family has also animals; a rough average could be: 15 rabbits, 10 chicken, 2 goats and two pigs.

animals are mainly fed by natural pasture and cereal residues.


Map of the co-operative farm



Fertilisers:

the rates of application for different crops are as follows:

- Rice: 350 kg/ha

- Maize: 400 kg/ha

- Wheat/barley: 400 kg/ha

- Potato: 400 kg/ha

Other:

the headquarter of the farm is inside the town of Kosan, even if there is no administrative overlapping with the municipality; 60% of the farm population is living in the town and some work team is also based in the town.

each family owns in average 100 m2 of land, to be used for private purposes; they cultivate vegetables, potatoes, maize (for personal consumption and for market); the farm is not providing chemical fertilisers for the private use, therefore they mostly use organic manure for their own land.

the 5 ha of soya reported in the table in first page are in dry land; there is other soya in paddy; all the soya is assumed to be for farmers consumption: it does not belong to the farm.

the threshing of rice and maize was still uncompleted (they tell it is a normal situation), therefore a final estimation of the production can not be done; the harvest was expected to be very good, but after the flood of October, they believe it will be around half of last year.

Irrigation is not reported to be a problem.

Pests and diseases:

the main problem is assumed to be the presence of pests and diseases; mainly cereal pests, insects affecting rice, maize and potatoes (ladybird).

fruit (apples, pears, peaches and khakis) is damaged by grubs.

mulberries only need disinfecting material for the silk worms (they produce silk and raw material, which are then sold in Pyongyang).