DPR Korea: Typhoon Appeal No. 25/2000 Situation Report No. 3


Revised Budget - Period covered: 5 October 2000 - 30 November 2000
Given difficulties in procuring and transporting cement for reconstruction of destroyed homes in the four areas most affected by the typhoon, it has been decided to focus assistance on increased provision of winter clothing. Given that temperatures will remain between minus 5 - 10 C until late February or early March, the DPRK Red Cross Society, supported by the Federation, will expand the number of beneficiaries to receive winter clothing and cooking sets to 12,000. Beneficiaries will receive a winter jacket, a pair of shoes, a blanket and a cooking set to help them survive the freezing winter conditions. The budget for the operation has been revised since it is not currently feasible to implement the envisaged shelter component.

The context

Typhoon Prapiroon (Tropical Storm No.12) hit the north-east coast of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) late at night on 30 August and brought about nearly 30 hours of heavy rain which caused flash flooding in many places in the eastern part of the country. Damage was extensive since the storm coincided with a tidal wave in the east sea of Korea. Roads, bridges, railways, communications, houses, paddy fields and land have been seriously damaged. The scale of damage exceeds that caused by other natural disasters in the DPRK since 1995. The worst of the storm damage occurred in South Hamgyong Province where the 11 cities and counties were severely affected, leaving more than 10,000 homeless flood victims. In Hoesang District in Hamhung City, the provincial seat (350 km north east of Pyongyang), 5 villages were particularly hard hit by flash flooding and around 550 people (178 families) lost their home and property. The district Red Cross branch found 180 wounded people in the flood stricken sites and provided a first aid service for one third, while the others were referred to the upper level hospitals. The area was also slightly affected by Typhoon Saomai which hit on 15 and 16 September. Other parts of the country, in particular North Hamgyong and Kangwon Province, were also badly affected by the typhoons and tidal wave. Following a joint rapid assessment made by the DPRK Red Cross Society and the Federation Delegation, the Federation launched a preliminary appeal on 19 September for CHF 950, 000 to assist 6, 000 homeless people in four of the worst hit counties in South Hamgyong Province.

Latest events

Given the scale of the destruction caused by the typhoon, the government and the local authorities’ focus on repair of infrastructure has restricted their efforts to assist the homeless to reconstruct houses. In order to carry out reconstruction before the winter, the National Society/Federation had initially identified 1,200 homeless families, 6,000 beneficiaries, in the 4 most affected areas to supply cement for rehabilitation.

The delegation explored the possibility of procuring cement from local suppliers and assurance was given that it was possible to obtain the required quantity within a short time frame. A preliminary appeal was launched and plan of action was established. Nevertheless, following further enquiries, procurement of cement in the DPRK is possible only in bulk, and in view of the weather conditions, this is not feasible. It was therefore decided to procure cement in bags of 50 kg from suppliers in China. Nevertheless, the Ministry of Railway has informed the delegation that the current infrastructure and constraints as a result of weather conditions in the DPRK will hamper the delivery of cement via rail to South Hamgyong. Given the large quantity of cement required, ie. 5,000 MT, transportation by truck is not possible. Therefore, procurement of cement will not take place.

As the temperature in the storm affected area is expected to drop to minus 5-10C between early and mid December, the National Society/Federation, together with Red Cross representatives at provincial level, have decided to expand the list of beneficiaries from 6,000 to 12,000, (from 1,200 to 2,400 families) to provide winter clothing. They will each receive a winter jacket, winter shoes, blankets and a cooking set. Additional beneficiaries will be identified among the homeless within these same affected areas, ie. Hamhung city, Kumya, Hongwon and Pukchong county. The criteria for the additional beneficiaries are (i) total or partial loss of property; (ii) significantly low self help ability of the family.

Red Cross/Red Crescent action

Phase 1: October 2000

Emergency relief items were distributed immediately from the Red Cross disaster preparedness warehouse in Wonsan and Pyongyang. 10 rolls of plastic sheeting were distributed for construction of emergency first aid posts and 120 first aid kits were provided to strengthen the resources of the first aid service for the victims. An initial distribution of 6,000 blankets, 3,326 winter jackets and 829 kitchen sets was completed in Hamhung city, Hongwon, Kumya and Pukchong counties. A relief delegate with monitoring and reporting responsibilities is stationed in Hamhung City, travelling extensively to the affected areas to assist in the distribution process. The water and sanitation delegate is addressing the water supply issues in the areas where the pipes and pumps were destroyed during the typhoon. The distribution of 3,607 bottles of water purification tablets, donated from Children’s Aid Direct (CAD) took place in the four affected areas. The blankets, kitchen sets, plastic sheeting and first aid kits from the Red Cross disaster preparedness warehouse will be replenished.

Phase 2: November 2000 - January 2001

Phase 2 of the operation follows the change in the focus of the programme for the affected areas of the typhoon, based on the following objectives:

- To provide 12,000 beneficiaries with winter clothing: jackets, shoes.

- To provide 6,000 blankets to the remaining families.

- To provide 1,571 kitchen sets to the remaining families.

- To assist the DPRK Red Cross to manage the distribution of the relief items and to monitor the operation, while providing support as regards logistics at the provincial level of the National Society.

- To conduct a training session on disaster management to DPRK Red cross staff and volunteers at the branch level.

As a result of the anticipated difficulties in procurement and transportation, the National Society/Federation decided to divide the distribution into 2 phases. The first phase involved the release of 3,326 winter jackets from the Red Cross disaster preparedness warehouse for distribution in Hamhung city. A summary of distributions which place is outlined in the table below:

Districts
Ri / Dong
Number of Households /
Beneficiaries
Distribution of winter
jackets
Donghungsan Songhung
20/90
90

Pumin
30/130
130
Haean Ryongam
90/378
378

Pungdong
55/257
257
Hoesang Hadok
65/298
298

Jungho
90/378
378

Kumsa
65/298
298

Sudong
90/386
386

Songwon
100/400
400

Ryongbong
90/386
386
Sapo Ryonhung
75/325
325

TOTAL
770/3326
3,326

The second phase involves the procurement and transportation of 12,000 items of winter clothing: jackets, shoes. With the change in weather, the road conditions and infrastructure constraints posed a possible threat to the timely delivery of the items at Hamhung city. The National Society/Federation fully expect that there will be delays with the delivery to the villages. In the meantime, the National Society/Federation worked closely together to establish an efficient management and distribution system at the provincial level.

Outstanding needs

Most of the people who lost their houses are presently residing in temporary shelter and shacks. With the cancellation of the shelter component for winter, it is crucial that the procurement and supply of winter clothing be prompt as weather conditions are expected to be harsh. The rehabilitation phase will be reassessed at a later stage, based on the availability of construction materiel.

External relations - Government/UN/NGOs/Media

The National Society, both at headquarters and branch level, has regular contacts with the government Flood and Damage Relief Committee (FDRC) to co-ordinate assistance. The Federation participates in the co-ordination group under the UN Disaster Management Team to provide the UN agencies and NGOs with data on the Red Cross operation and in order to liaise as regards relief activities.

Contributions

See Annex 1 for details.

Conclusion

Most disaster victims who lost their houses are presently residing in neighbours’ houses, factories, kindergartens and schools. A large number remain in temporary shelter and shacks. Sub zero temperatures will remain until late February or early March. During this period, it will not be possible to reconstruct houses. By the spring of 2001, the National Society/Federation will review the possibility of resuming the shelter component of the operation. At this stage, it is possible that a rehabilitation programme will be planned.

Hiroshi Higashiura
Head
Asia and Pacific Department

Peter Rees-Gildea
Head
Relationship Management Department


Annex 1

REVISED BUDGET SUMMARY AP25/2000R
DPR Korea: Typhoon
TYPE
Initial budget
Revised budget
Variances
RELIEF NEEDS
IN CHF


Plastic sheeting
51,000

51,000
Cement for houses and wells
334,560

334,560
Blankets
84,000
140,000
(56,000)
Clothing & textiles (winter boots & jackets)

241,000
(241,000)
Water purification tablets: 3 million
6,500
6,500
0
First a id kits: 40
10,800

10,800
Utensils & tools : cooking sets
33,600
40,000
(6,400)
TOTAL RELIEF NEEDS
520,460
427,500
92,960
CAPITAL EQUIPMENT
Vehicle
54,000

54,000
Other equipment
15,000
10,000
5,000
PROGRAMME SUPPORT
Programme management
64,067
40,197
23,870
Technical support
19,178
12,033
7,145
Professional services
21,269
13,344
7,925
TRANSPORT STORAGE & VEHICLE COSTS
182,400
24,000
158,400
PERSONNEL
Expatriate staff
40,000
40,000
0
National staff
6,450
6,450
0
Personnel (support costs)
6,800
6,800
0
Training

4,800
(4,800)
ADMINISTRATIVE & GENERAL SERVICES
Travel & related expenses
5,000
5,000
0
Information expenses
7,500
2,000
5,500
Administrative & general expenses
8,000
4,000
4,000
TOTAL OPERATIONAL NEEDS
429,664
168,624
261,040
TOTAL APPEAL CASH, KIND, SERVICES
950,124
596,124
354,000
LESS AVAILABLE RESOURCES (-)

444,652

NET REQUEST

151,472


DPR Korea: Typhoon
ANNEX 1
APPEAL No. 25/2000
PLEDGES RECEIVED
12/14/00
DONOR
CATEGORY
QUANTITY
UNIT
VALUE CHF
DATE
COMMENT
CASH
TOTAL COVERAGE
REQUESTED IN APPEAL CHF >
596,124

74.6%
AUSTRIAN - RC

25,000
EUT
38,933
03.10.00

BRITISH - GOVT DFID

49,020
GBP
122,550
09.10.00
RELIEF ITEMS
CANADIAN - RC

25,000
CAD
28,835
21.09.00

FINNISH - RC

33,637
EUR
52,383
27.09.00

ICELANDIC - RC

200,000
ISK
4,295
22.09.00

JAPANESE - RC



48,000
25.09.00

SWEDISH - RC

500,000
SEK
93,550
26.09.00

SWISS -RC



37,296
27.09.00

SUB/TOTAL RECEIVED IN CASH



425,842
CHF
71.4%
KIND AND SERVICES (INCLUDING PERSONNEL)
DONOR
CATEGORY
QUANTITY
UNIT
VALUE CHF
DATE
COMMENT
ECHO/CHILDREN'S AID DIRECT

7,524
GBP
18,810
22.09.00
3'600 CONTAINERS OF 800 WATER
PURIFICATION TABLETS DIRECTLY TO THE FIELD
SUB/TOTAL RECEIVED IN KIND/SERVICES



18,810
CHF
3.2%
ADDITIONAL TO APPEAL BUDGET
DONOR
CATEGORY
QUANTITY
UNIT
VALUE CHF
DATE
COMMENT
SUB/TOTAL RECEIVED



0
CHF

THE FOLLOWING PROJECTS ARE LINKED TO THIS APPEAL: