This update covers all programmes supported by the International Federation in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, with a focus on revisions made on the health and the disaster management programmes. In health and care, a review will be carried out on community-based first aid (CBFA) in June, as well as a transition of CBFA towards community-based health and first aid (CBHFA) which will be supported by the Finnish Red Cross over the next three years. The disaster management programme has been modified towards a community-based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) concept, after the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) Red Cross Society adopted recommendations from a comprehensive DPRK Red Cross disaster management review conducted in November 2008, as well as incorporating additional recommendations from a tree planting management review carried out in June 2008. The tree-planting programme is absorbed as a part of the 2009 community-based disaster preparedness programme and presented as a holistic community programme activity. The total Country Plan and Budget 2009 has been reduced from CHF 10,099,166 to CHF 9,798,541.
Programme purpose: The purpose of the International Federation programmes in the DPRK is to support the DPRK Red Cross Society to provide humanitarian services to more than 8 million people in need of health services, safe water and sanitation systems, reduced exposure to national disasters such as floods and landslides by increased disaster management systems and further development of the DPRK Red Cross institutional capacity in the DPRK.
The DPRK Red Cross Society continues its 2009 programme activities based on its adopted Statutes which comply with international standards. The Strategic Plan 2012 includes updated policies for disaster management, health and care, volunteers, youth and gender, which inform new programme directions and plans. In this reporting period, DPRK Red Cross and the International Federation's country office organized its first cooperation agreement strategy (CAS) meeting this year in Hainan China, supported by the Federation's East Asia regional office in Beijing. Plans for the second meeting are underway, where the CAS document for the next three years will be signed.
Continued emphasis will be given to further strengthen disaster management, the key national mandate of the DPRK Red Cross, and increase the impact of its community-based disaster preparedness and tree planting at the community level for synergetic benefits during 2009. The same level of activities as in 2008 will be maintained in health, water and sanitation and organizational development with a continued development aspiration of each activity currently being implemented.
The International Federation continues to support the national society in the health sector, drug distribution and health education to community-based health practitioners in the first half of 2009. The priority also in 2009 is to prevent malnutrition through health interventions towards vulnerable groups during an expected extended food shortage. This effort has been possible thanks to critically important and timely support announced early 2009 from particularly the Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish Red Cross Societies and their respective governments. During the reporting period, the International Federation has also distributed 35 inter-agency emergency health kits (donated by Danish Red Cross) to county hospitals in flood-prone areas as well as stocked ten inter-agency emergency health kits as flood preparedness ahead of the floods season 2009, as agreed in the inter-agency health group. Additional Il Cha kits and small kits for the third and fourth quarter have also been procured, to be delivered later this year. Furthermore, a total of 5,000 refill kits for the 2,500 first aid posts have been received and are in process of being distributed.
The International Federation conducted the fifth round of qualitative reviews of 16 water and sanitation interventions from 18 April to 9 May. During the fourth review in late 2008, 18 out of 20 four-year-old installations reviewed were still fully functional and well maintained. In the latest review, only one project was not operational, but active community members have already started to arrange for repairs prior to the review taking place. Water and sanitation supplies including transformers, pipes and pumps worth CHF 1.7 million for the current water and sanitation programme of 15 installations in villages have been delivered between mid- April and the beginning of May for immediate construction, ahead of the rice planting period starting early May. All projects in this cycle are now nearly complete, with close monitoring from both the DPRK Red Cross and International Federation.
The organizational development programme celebrated World Red Cross Red Crescent Day with impressive
national and international support. Up to five different departments from the government were represented, together with representatives from six of the embassies in Pyongyang and different UN agencies. The celebration was covered by national TV and major newspapers in DPRK. The organizational development department will also arrange different activities to celebrate the 150 year memory of Solferino, in addition to sending two youth delegates to be present in Solferino. A midterm review of the two pilot integrated community development projects (ICDP) that started in 2008 has been conducted and a report forwarded to the German embassy in Pyongyang who partly funded the project. A final review of this pilot project will be done during the second half of 2009
The International Federation has concluded recruitment of a new country representative in this reporting period, seconded by Norwegian Red Cross, as well as a Finnish health delegate. The finance delegate has extended his contract, and the country office hopes to engage a new programme coordinator by July, by which the office will be fully staffed beginning August 2009.
Financial situation: The total 2009 budget is CHF 9,798,541 (USD 8.67 million or EUR 6.56 million), revised down from the original budget of CHF 10,099,166 (USD 8.79 million or EUR 6.66 million). The plan is 61 per cent covered to date. Expenditure from January to May 2009 was 21 per cent of the total 2009 budget.
No. of people we help: approximately 8.25 million beneficiaries.
Our partners: Cooperation agreement strategy partners including Australian, British, Canadian, Danish, Finnish, German, Netherlands, Norwegian, Spanish and Swedish Red Cross Societies. Other partners include the Japanese Red Cross, New Zealand Red Cross, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC),