From Manuel Aranda da Silva, Chief, Technical Support Service. Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page at http://www.wfp.org/ or by electronic mail from Deborah.Hicks@wfp.org (fax 39 06 6513 2837). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Aleesa.Blum@wfp.org or Marius.deGaayFortman@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2004 or 06 6513 2250. This issue of the WFP Emergency Report prepared by Peter Erhardy and Deborah Hicks.
PART I - HIGHLIGHTS
(Details below in Part II)
1. Update - drought operation
a) Donor support urgently sought for WFP emergency operation for drought victims in Cuba, approved by FAO and WFP on 28 August. USD 20.5 million is required for 34,000 tons of relief food assistance to a revised total of 615,000 drought victims. Full operation will cost total of USD 27 million, with Government of Cuba providing the remaining USD 6.5 million. Shortfall for the EMOP is over USD 20 million.
PART II - DETAILS
1. UPDATE - DROUGHT OPERATION
1.1 Donor support is urgently sought for a WFP emergency operation for drought victims in Cuba, approved by FAO and WFP on 28 August. Under the emergency operation (EMOP 6037), USD 20.5 million is required for 34,000 tons of relief food assistance to a revised total of 615,000 drought victims in the five eastern provinces of Holguin, Las Tunas, Granma, Santiago de Cuba and Guantanamo. Food aid is planned for a period of nine months (September 1998 - June 1999) until the next crop is available. The full operation will cost a total of USD 27 million with the Government of Cuba providing the remaining USD 6.5 million. As of 21 September, WFP had received confirmation of donations of USD 325,000 from Spain and USD 50,000 from Oxfam America towards the WFP EMOP, leaving a shortfall of over USD 20 million.
1.2 As previously reported, the production of food crops in Cuba has been seriously affected by the erratic weather patterns associated with the El Nino Southern Oscillation phenomenon (ENSO) during the planting and growing seasons of 1997 and 1998, characterized by a severe reduction in the water supply. Food crop losses in the five eastern provinces affected as of the end of August were estimated at USD 60 million for the 1997/1998 crop year. If drought conditions persist this could rise to USD 205 million.
1.3 The emergency operation includes programmes for 91,000 pregnant women, nursing mothers, infants and elderly people in the health sector and 524,000 children in the education sector.
1.4 In the context of the drought, the WFP Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping Unit (VAM) is reinforcing its capacities in Cuba. Additional funds have been allocated to assist the National Institute of Physical Planning to enhance its regional VAM offices.