Croatia + 2 more

Kosovo Winterisation Progress Report Issue #6

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EMERGENCY SHELTER
Emergency repair kits - Over 70% of the total number of repair kits have been distributed by ECHO, UNHCR and OFDA/USAID. UNHCR has distributed 13,000 kits to more than 300 villages throughout the province with priority allocation given to the highly damaged regions of Pec, Djakovica and Mitrovica. ECHO has distributed more kits in the regions of Pristina, Djakovica and Prizren. UNHCR's balance of 3,000 kits (see below) will be distributed to houses receiving roofing kits to augment their dry-room capacity to host more persons. Both ECHO and OFDA/USAID separately provide additional materials to their emergency repair kits in order to augment them and to provide more insulation to the rooms the kits are covering.
-
Committed
Distributed in Kosovo
Balance
UNHCR 16,000 13,000 3,000
ECHO 20,400 17,800 2,600
OFDA/USAID 20,700 11,800 8,900
Total 57,100 42,600 14,500

Other Programmes- UNHCR complements the emergency repair kits with 4,200 expanded roofing kits comprised essentially of roofing timber, roofing plastic and nails. These expanded kits are expected to provide accommodation for an estimated 12,600 families. Over 2,000 of these roofing kits have already been released to 100 villages. OFDA/USAID has a similar programme for the provision of 5,900 roofs destined for rural locations and 2,000 for urban areas -some 37% of these roofs have already been distributed to their beneficiaries. Recipients of all roofing kits are requested to host additional families. The programme has been well received - the timber/roofing plastic often provides the roofing base for any additional materials which the local population manages to obtain separately. In this manner, many of the roofing frames provided are now receiving tiles. ECHO provides materials to rehabilitate about 200 urban houses in Mitrovica and Pec regions (Klina and Junik) - these houses should belong to socially vulnerable persons who are willing to host two other families, preferrably persons currently living in community centres. All beneficiaries are jointly selected by Mother Teresa Society and by UNHCR. KFOR transportation is being used by various agencies to ensure secondary distribution - ie. delivery of shelter materials directly to beneficiary villages.

Shelter contingency measures

prefabricated units - all prefabricated units donated to UNHCR have been allocated through implementing partners for Cabra in Mitrovica (158 units), Loxhe in Pec (142 units), and Decane (200 units). In Loxhe, 128 families from the village itself have already been identified and the balance will be selected among families in need from neighboring villages. Water, sanitation and electricity connections are being made in all sites and implementing partners advise that all their prefabricated units should be complete and ready for accommodation by 12 December.

temporary community shelters - some 19,800 individual places have been identified in 117 different collective accommodation projects. UNHCR is currently undertaking the rehabilitation of 95 projects (13,000 places) in a two phased approach. Phase one will repair 71 projects totalling 11,500 places and phase two will cover 24 projects totalling 1,500 places. The balance of 23 facilities are either projects which are funded and rehabilitated by other agencies or projects which are reserved as a future contingency in case additional capacity is needed. Accommodation facilities identified vary according to regional specificities - they can include student dormitories and hotels, appartment blocks, empty factories, unfinished individual houses which can accommodate several families or even barns which are modified and serviced to allow for winterised tented accommodation. Sixty-two of the above 118 facilities already accommodate over 5,200 persons, most of whom are either non-Albanian internally displaced, Croatian refugees or recent returnees with destroyed homes who need to identify alternative accommodation. There are so far only a few known cases of persons leaving their current accommodation (such as tents) for collective facilities.

Number of centres identified
Total individual capacity Identified
Current occupancy
Balance (available capacity)
Djakovica
10
1,946
350
1,596
Gnjilane
10
2,402
266
2,136
Mitrovica
48
6,139
2,046
4,093
Pec
13
2,891
915
1,976
Pristina
11
2,531
223
2,308
Prizren
15
3,023
1,488
1,535
Urosevac
10
846
846
Total
117
19,778
5,288
14,490

tents - UNHCR will distribute 15,000 all-season tents of which 13,600 have already arrived in Kosovo. The distribution of tents will occur simultaneously with the heating stoves as these are received - beneficiaries will include persons awaiting the receipt of committed roofing material or persons from irrepairable houses not willing/able to avail themselves of the other preferred options for winter accommodation (eg. temporary community shelters, host families). Since mid-June, UNHCR has distributed a total of 12,300 regular tents to support rehabilitation efforts of families - another 5,700 of this category of lighter tents are also being kept in stock for contingency purposes.

Stoves - of 30,000 multi-purpose stoves ordered, 26,000 have been received by UNHCR in Kosovo - some 18,600 of these stoves have been distributed. About 5,200 of another 15,000 stoves destined for the all-season tents (see above) have been received in Kosovo while another 4,600 are pending transfer from UNHCR's warehouse in Skopje. Delivery of the balance of tent-stoves (5,200 pieces) is expected by mid-December from Turkey. OFDA/USAID has distributed over 11,900 of 15,800 multipurpose stoves which are targeting host families throughout the province. Numerous other agencies, such as ICRC, MCI, SDR, and Caritas are also in the process of procuring and distributing stoves. Current commitments of all agencies and UNHCR would indicate that needs for stoves are relatively well covered.

Firewood - ECHO has increased its commitment from 12,000 to 18,000 cubic metres of firewood which will be distributed to 6,000 families in Mitrovica region through their partner, Premiere Urgence. Over 1,200 families have already received their allocation including all of the targeted remote villages located in high altitude. In Prizren region, several NGOs are undertaking firewood distributions (Caritas, CARE, ICS) and IOM now plans to start its projected 15,000 cubic meter distribution programme at the end of next week. The total quantity of firewood currently planned by all NGOs/agencies for the Prizren region is expected to be as high as 50,000 cubic meters. In addition, UNHCR plans to distribute 60,000 cubic metres of firewood destined to cover needs of some 20,000 extremely vulnerable families in five regions of Kosovo. CARE, UNHCR's implementing partner for this activity, has already distributed over 20,600 cubic meters which are assisting some 6,800 families. Main regions covered so far are Pristina, Pec and Urosevac. Aside from conducting regular post-distribution monitoring of households to ensure appropriate targeting, CARE has also appointed a special distribution coordinator to ensure that the needs of non-Albanian populations are adequately covered - of the 60,000 cubic meters provided by UNHCR, some 6,000 cubic meters have been initially allocated to cover these needs but this can be increased as needs occur.

EDUCATION and COMMUNITY SUPPORT

Education - UNICEF estimates that there are approximately 300,000 primary school-aged and 75,000 secondary school-aged children in Kosovo. The province has more than 1,100 primary schools and some 70 secondary schools.

Rehabilitation - over 900 schools have been assessed as needing mine clearance and repair out of which 700 have been committed for rehabilitation in 1999. Some 600 schools have already been cleared while repairs have been completed in 250 of these schools. Since not all schools in need can possibly be repaired before the winter, UNICEF will be providing 500 winterised tents that can be used. This is estimated to cater for the needs of 15,000 school-aged children. Some 235 of these tents have already been distributed in Kosovo. Units of KFOR and the Kosovo Protection Corps as well as NGOs are assisting UNICEF in the construction of tent classrooms where flooring, lights, stoves and furniture are being installed.

stoves - an estimated 3,800 stoves need to be provided for the heating of 800 schools. Some 3,600 stoves have already been committed and delivered by ICRC and UNICEF. Due to the additional need in schools and the need for two stoves in some tents, UNICEF will order up to 1,000 additional stoves.

firewood - several schools in Kosovo have purchased firewood on their own and UNICEF is planning to deliver about 20,000 cubic metres of firewood. This is the estimated amount needed for the heating of schools throughout the cold season and some 5,000 cubic meters have already been distributed. KFOR and various NGOs also provide firewood in various areas and IOM will distribute firewood for schools in Prizren. UNHCR will separately provide stoves and firewood (some 2,000 cubic meters) for the 95 schools repaired with UNHCR funding.

Winter clothing - on 31 October, UNHCR airlifted 570 cubic meters (61MT) of winter jackets for children, part of a EURO3 million winter clothing project financed by ECHO. Since mid-November when first distributions started with the cold weather, over 20% of 65,000 winter jackets destined for children aged 4-12 years have already been reached their beneficiaries in Pristina and Mitrovica regions. Distribution of 65,000 pairs of children boots, 260,000 pieces of underwear for children (T-shirts and pants) and 130,000 under-shirts for women is also ongoing throughout the province. Priority areas targeted are Pec, Mitrovica, Pristina and Prizren.

Winter Emergency Team -aside from humanitarian distributions of shelter materials and stoves to 24 families identified as particularly vulnerable in the Drenica region of Mitrovica, the UNHCR mobile emergency team has sent two teams to assist UNHCR field offices in monitoring. The objective is to conduct an intensive field assessment of certain villages known to be particularly isolated and/or vulnerable so as to identify and provide immediate solutions to shelter problems. Villages being visited are essentially located around Lipjane (Pristina region) and near the Albanian border of Djakovica region.

FOOD

Food distribution- during the month of October, almost 15,000 metric tons of food were distributed though the main food pipeline (WFP/CRS/MCI). This represents 100% of the target amount for this period. There has been a continued shift towards targeted food disrtibutions in all the regions of Kosovo with a gradual decrease in the total number of beneficiaries to 900,000 persons. Some additional food was distributed in Pristina region to accommodate recent rural to urban population movement - an evaluation of additional food needs there for the winter period is being carried out. The anticipated pipeline of bulk food for the months of November, December January is currently reported to be 100% of the required amounts for all food commodities. Problems at Blace border may yet affect food aid planning such as shortage of beans reported last week.

Pre-positioning food - the provision of four-months of food stocks has been completed for 137 inaccessible villages in three regions - Pristina (46), Gjilane (85) and Urosevac (13). In Mitrovica, food has been delivered to 17 villages which is 15% of anticipated needs and delivery is expected to be completed soon. In Pec and Prizren, two-month food stocks will be provided to all villages identified as inaccessible to cover needs for December and January.

Food assessment of minorities - final results of the joint UNHCR/WFP food assessment for non-Albanian populations have been shared with the Task Force on Minorities and KFOR and will be finalized shortly. Initial findings show that aid remains the main source of food for urban minority communities where food access is affected by insecurity and virtually no access to employment and to markets. Urban communities will continue to need full rations. On the other hand, the large majority of rural minority communities access a significant amount of food from agricultural produce (livestock, wheat and bean production) and this suggests that food aid for some of these communities may not be essential to meet all nutritional requirements. The assessment also highlighted the importance of providing security for normal livelihood practices such as access to markets for sale of surplus produce, conduct of agricultural activities and access to firewood and milling.

LOGISTICAL CONSTRAINTS

Blace border - The vast majority of humanitarian cargo comes into Kosovo through the fYROM Blace border crossing and is experiencing major delays due to a variety of factors as explained in earlier issues. A number of proposals have been put forward and discussed with UNMIK and the fYROM authorities concerning the development of a centralised collection/customs-clearance point at the EuroTrade Centre. Finalisation of these discussions is expected shortly.

Roads - progress has been made concerning snow/ice clearance for the route between Pec and Montenegro - the appropriate and continued maintenance of this route is essential as it is used by a number of agencies delivering humanitarian aid to Kosovo and in particular by food aid organisations. KFOR has agreed to clear the route from Pec (in Kosovo) to the Montenegro border, including the so-called "no man's land" while the Montenegrin authorities are currently clearing the route from Rozaje (in Montenegro) to a few kilometers beyond the administrative boundary.

Railway - given winter road conditions and difficulties encountered at the Blace border, humanitarian agencies are encouraged to utilise the railway where there remains a daily capacity of 160 metric tons. This unused capacity is due to high costs incurred by suppliers/transporters to crossload between trucks and wagons.

This document is intended for public information purposes only. It is not an official UN document.

contact person:
Pascale Moreau
Office of the Special Envoy
UNHCR Pristina, Kosovo
tel. 389-70-254 863
moreau@unhcr.ch