Republic of Congo: Epidemic (MDRCG014), DREF Operation Final Report

Situation Report
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CHF 128,826 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Congolese Red Cross National Society in delivering immediate assistance to some 200,000 direct beneficiaries and up to 1.1 million indirect beneficiaries.

In November 2012, the city of Pointe Noire and its environs were hit by heavy rains that provoked a cholera epidemic. With the help of the Federation, the Congolese Red Cross (CRC) provided assistance to victims in the form of temporary shelters and activities related to water, sanitation and hygiene promotion. The operation lasted three months and revolved around activities such as emergency health, with special focus on active case surveillance, training of 100 volunteers to conduct mass awareness and sanitation campaigns, control of residual chlorine in household and disinfection of latrines. An assessment of the cholera situation in the city of Pointe Noire was also conducted in a bid to better understand it and make recommendations for a better response from the CRC to any potential outbreaks. This assessment culminated in an extension of the DREF by one month (for an additional sum of CHF 9,000). During this period, a lessons-learned workshop was organized.

In late July 2013, the overall cholera situation was as follows: 1,120 cumulative cases, including 16 fatalities, or a mortality rate of 1.45%. The 19 new cases recorded in June came from the town of Tchiamba–Nzassi, along the Cabinda border. During CRC action from April to July 2013, there was a stabilization of cholera cases, with a halt in cholera-related fatalities in the community due to social mobilization activities conducted by 100 trained CRC volunteers and other members of the Pointe Noire WASH cluster.122,002 people were reached with messages disseminated by the CRC in Pointe Noire (that is 95% of the population targeted by volunteer action), 2844 latrines disinfected, chlorine residual monitoring conducted in 575 households, and 24 awareness campaigns organized. Furthermore, other partners insist on the need for the CRC to prolong awareness activities in order to ensure sustainable community behaviour change for significant impact of volunteer actions.

All activities planned under this DREF operation were implemented and this narrative is final in terms of activities carried out, with a final financial report attached. A balance of CHF 2,767 will be returned to DREF.

The Canadian Red Cross and government contributed to the replenishment of the DREF allocation made for this operation. The major donors and partners of DREF include the Australian, American and Belgian governments, the Austrian Red Cross, the Canadian Red Cross and government, Danish Red Cross and government, European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO), the Irish and the Italian governments, the Japanese Red Cross Society, the Luxembourg government, the Monaco Red Cross and government, the Netherlands Red Cross and government, the Norwegian Red Cross and government, the Spanish Government, the Swedish Red Cross and government, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), the Medtronic and Z Zurich Foundations, and other corporate and private donors. Details of DREF contributions are found on:

IFRC, on behalf of the Congolese Red Cross, would like to extend its thanks to all partners for their generous contributions.