South/Southeast Asia & East Africa: Earthquake and Tsunamis Revised Preliminary Appeal No. 28/2004 Operations Update No. 55


The Federation’s mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world’s largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.

In Brief

Revised Preliminary Appeal No. 28/2004; Operations Update no. 55; Period covered: 28 April to 18 May 2005; Appeal coverage: 48.7%

Highlights:

USD 600 million worth of intended rehabilitation work by Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement members was subject of a memorandum of understanding signed 6 May between representatives of Indonesian Red Cross, ICRC and Federation with the Indonesian agency for recovery.

In Indonesia, over 140 million litres of clean and safe drinking water have been produced by Red Cross mobile water treatment plants and distributed to internally displaced people in the temporary living centres and camps and in towns and villages.

The Movement platform in Sri Lanka - composed of Sri Lanka Red Cross Society (SLRCS), ICRC and Federation representatives - has successfully approved over 180 concept papers for recovery and rehabilitation projects across tsunami-affected areas.

Preparatory survey work has begun for planned reconstruction of 15,000 houses in Sri Lanka by the Movement while awaiting final beneficiary lists from the government.

In Somalia, no major disease outbreaks were reported despite increased rainfall in some tsunamiaffected areas thanks to refresher training of Red Crescent volunteers who were mobilized to provide health education to communities.

Frequency of these detailed reports is being reviewed; fact sheets will continue to be issued monthly.

- Indonesia (pages 3 to 20 )

- Myanmar (pages 21 to 24)

- Thailand (pages 25 to 27)

- Sri Lanka (pages 28 to 34)

- Maldives (pages 35 to 39)

- Seychelles (pages 40 to 42)

- Somalia (pages 43 to 46)

- East Africa region (pages 47 to 50)

Appeal history:

- Preliminary appeal launched on 26 December 2004 CHF 7,517,000 (USD 6,658,712 or EUR 4,852,932) for 6 months to assist 500,000 beneficiaries.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 1,000,000.

- Revised Preliminary Appeal issued on 30 December 2004, for CHF 67,005,000 (USD 59,152,246 or EUR 53,439,988) for 2 million beneficiaries for 6-8 months.

- Preliminary Appeal was originally launched titled "Bay of Bengal: Earthquake and Tsunamis". Title was changed to "Asia: Earthquake and Tsunamis" in Revised Preliminary Appeal launched on 29 December 2004.

- Operations update No. 16 revised 28/2004 budget to CHF 183,486,000 (USD 155,286,000 or EUR 118,669,000) with programme extensions for Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Maldives and East Africa.

- Tsunami Emergency and Recovery Plan of Action 2005-2010 launched on 6 May 2005 with budget of CHF 590 million for the two-year period 2005-2006. With contributions of CHF 286,274,665 already received, a further CHF 304 million is sought by the Federation’s Secretariat from member national societies.

Background

On 26 December 2004, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale struck the area off the western coast of northern Sumatra triggering massive tidal waves or ‘tsunamis’ and inundating coastal areas of countries around the Indian Ocean rim, from Indonesia to Somalia. The disaster affected millions of people along thousands of kilometres of coastline in 13 countries over a wide geographical region, with the most severely affected areas being located in zones which for years have been the theatre of intractable armed conflicts.

Tsunami waves of this magnitude are rare in this region and no tsunami early warning system similar to that in the Pacific Ocean basin was in place. Community awareness and preparedness was thus very low, resulting in a very high death toll and widespread devastation of socio-economic infrastructures and livelihoods. There are 226,328 presumed casualties with more than 2.3 million affected.


Summary of the human toll caused by the tsunami as of 20 May 2005
Countries
Dead
Missing
Displaced
Homeless
Sources
Indonesia*
128,645
37,063
532,898
n/a
Government
Sri Lanka
31,147
4,115
519,063
480,000
Government
India
10,749
5,640
647,599
20,000
Government
Maldives
82
26
21,663
n/a
Government
Thailand
5,395
2,845
n/a
n/a
Government
Myanmar
61
10
n/a
3,200
Government
Malaysia
68
12
n/a
4,296
Delegation
East Africa
312
158
2,320
n/a
Government
Total
176,459
49,869
>1,723,543
>507,496


Families from 104 countries throughout the world lost contact with loved ones. The conflict-prone province of Aceh, on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, which was closest to the earthquake epicentre and the consequent tsunamis, was the hardest hit. To date, tremors of various intensities continue to be reported along the shorelines of the Indian Ocean, adding further psychological stress to already traumatized communities. On 28 March, an earthquake measuring 8.7 on the Richter scale hit the western coast of northern Sumatra, causing significant damage and destruction on the islands of Simeulue, Nias and the Banyak island group.

In Indonesia and Sri Lanka, this pan-regional catastrophe triggered one of the largest ever local responses orchestrated by the host national societies, which were further supplemented by equally substantial international aid operations. In the days immediately after the disaster, UN agencies, governments, Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, international and local NGOs, and the local populations, all sprang into action, with massive amounts of relief supplies and staff pouring into the disaster areas. The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in the affected countries and internationally, mobilized some 22,000 volunteers and several hundred international staff from some 40 national societies. From 26 December 2004 to mid-April 2005, the Federation coordinated the deployment of three Field Assessment and Coordination Teams (FACT), 18 Emergency Response Units (ERUs), and some 300 relief flights and sea consignments into Asia, in collaboration with the ICRC and in coordination with the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). In addition, two recovery assessment teams, to prepare Movement-coordinated short- and medium-to-long-term recovery programming were deployed to Indonesia and Sri Lanka in late January.

In some instances, the immediate emergency relief phase has been prolonged and continues, but in others the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is already moving forward rapidly to short- and long-term recovery, including capacity-building of the national societies. This is done with a decided emphasis on disaster reduction, building on partnerships with governments, other international organizations and NGOs, particularly around the initiative to establish a multi-hazard early warning system for the Indian Ocean region.

In order to enhance leadership and oversight, ensure Movement coordination and actively manage strategic partnerships, a special representative position has been created, reporting to the secretary general of the Federation, and supported by a small office.

For further information specifically related to the Tsunami operations please contact:

In Asia:

India, New Delhi: Bob McKerrow, Head of Regional Delegation, phone: +91.98.1000.1534; Azmat Ulla, Head of Delegation, phone: +91.98.1039.9650.

Sri Lanka: TonyMaryon ; Head of Delegation; phone: +94.452.8698

Indonesia: Ole J Hauge, Head of Delegation; phone: +622.1791. 91 841; mobile: +628 11 824 859; fax: +622 1 79180 905; email: ifrcid01@ifrc.org and Latifur Rahman, Disaster Management Delegate; phone: +62.811.82.6624; fax: +62.217.18.0905 email: ifrcid05@ifrc.org

Maldives: Jerry Talbot, Head of Delegation, phone: +960 791 435 email: ifrcmv02@ifrc.org

Myanmar: Joanna Maclean, Head of Delegation, phone: +95.1.383686 email: ifrcmm01@redcross.org.mm

Malaysia: Dr Selva Johti, National Disaster Management Chairman, Malaysian Red Crescent Society; phone: +60.2.6138.2325, mobile: +60.1.2234.0310: fax: +60.3.6138.2325

Thailand: Lt. Gen. Amnat Barlee, Director of Relief and Community Health Bureau, Thai Red Cross; phone: +66.2.251.7853 ext. 2202/251.7442, fax: +66.2.252.7976; email: abarlee@webmail.redcross.or.th

Thailand, Bangkok: Dr. Ian Wilderspin, Head of Disaster Risk Management Unit, phone: +662.640.8211; fax: +662.661.8220; email: ifrcth22@ifrc.org and Bekele Geleta, Head of Regional Delegation; mobile: +66 18215495; email: ifrcth23@ifrc.org

In Africa:

Nairobi Regional Delegation; Anitta Underlin, Federation Head of Eastern Africa Regional Delegation, Nairobi; email: ifrcke03@ifrc.org; Phone: +254.20.283.51.24; Fax +254.20.271.84.15; Steve Penny, Regional Disaster Management Coordinator; Phone: +254.20.283.5117; Fax: +254.20.271.8415; email: ifrcke78@ifrc.org

In Geneva:

Gert Venghaus, Tsunami Programme Coordinator., Geneva; +41.22.730.4258, email: gert.venghaus@ifrc.org

Josse Gillijns, Indonesia desk and tsunami programmes in Thailand, Malaysia and Myanmar; phone: +41.22.730.42.24; email: josse.gillijns@ifrc.org;

Suzana Harfield, South Asia desk (Sri Lanka and Maldives), Geneva; phone: +41.22.730.4353 ; email: suzana.harfield@ifrc.org

Jagan Chapagain, South Asia Regional Officer (India, Bangladesh), Geneva; phone: +41.22.730.4316; email: jagan.chapagain@ifrc.org

Charles Evans, Southeast Asia desk, Geneva; phone: +41.22.730.4320; fax:+41.22.733.0395; email: : charles.evans@ifrc.org

Penny Elghady, Tsunami Grants Officer, Geneva; phone: +41.22.730.4864; mobile: +41.79.205.1959; email: penny.elgadhy@ifrc.org

Media Department, Sian Bowen, phone: + 41.22.730.4428; email: sian.bowen@ifrc.org

Logistics Department for mobilization of relief items, Mauricio Bustamante, logistics officer for Sri Lanka, Maldives and Myanmar, Geneva; phone: +41.22.730.4267; email: mauricio.bustamante@ifrc.org and Isabelle Sechaud, focal point for Indonesia and general coordination of tsunami operations logistics cell, Geneva; phone: +41.22.730.4367; email: isabelle.sechaud@ifrc.org; Bjarne Godtfredsen, procurement officer, Geneva; phone: +41.22.730.4873; email: mailto:bjarne.godtfredsen@ifrc.org, Chloé Bitton, senior logistics assistant for tsunami logistics cell, Geneva; phone: +41.22.730.4928; email: chloe.bitton@ifrc.org.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in these or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profiles, please access the Federation’s website at http://www.ifrc.org.

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