Asia Earthquake and Tsunamis, East Africa Region: Revised Preliminary Appeal No. 28/2004 Operations Update No. 54


The Federation’s mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world’s largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.

In Brief

Revised Preliminary Appeal No. 28/2004; Operations Update no. 54; Period covered: 1-30 April 2005; Appeal coverage: 118.9% (Click here to view the provisional contributions list attached; also available on the Federation’s website).

Highlights

  • The Special Representative for the Secretary General of the Federation for the Tsunami Operation, Johan Schaar, visits the East Africa region, traveling to Somalia and Seychelles to see first-hand the impact and response.

  • Authorities of Puntland and Seychelles request Federation support for disaster management plans.

  • National societies and Federation respond to local emergencies: Volcano alert in Comoros; flooding in Zanzibar island (Tanzania); and heavy rains and floods in Somalia and Ethiopia.

Appeal history

Preliminary appeal launched on 26 December 2004 CHF 7,517,000 (USD 6,658,712 or EUR 4,852,932) for 6 months to assist 500,000 beneficiaries.

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 1,000,000.

Revised Preliminary Appeal issued on 30 December 2004, for CHF 67,005,000 (USD 59,152,246 or EUR 53,439,988) for 2 million beneficiaries for 6-8 months.

The Preliminary Appeal was originally launched titled “Bay of Bengal: Earthquake and Tsunamis”. The title was subsequently changed to “Asia: Earthquake and Tsunamis” in the Revised Preliminary Appeal launched on 29 December 2004.

Operations update No. 16 revised the Revised Preliminary Appeal 28/2004 budget to CHF 183,486,000 (USD 155,286,000 or EUR 118,669,000) with programme extensions for particularly Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Maldives and East Africa.

Background

The magnitude 9.0 earthquake that struck the area off the western coast of northern Sumatra on Sunday morning, 26 December 2004, at 7:59 am local time (00:59 GMT) triggered massive waves, or tsunamis, that inundated coastal areas in countries all around the Indian Ocean rim – from Indonesia to Somalia. Sri Lanka, the Indonesian province of Aceh, four states of southern India, the Maldives, and coastal areas of Thailand, Malaysia, and Myanmar were the most severely affected. The earthquake epicentre was located at 3.30N, 95.78E at a depth of 10 kilometres. The area is historically prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the margins of tectonic plates. However, waves of this magnitude are rare and therefore the level of preparedness was very low.


Summary of the human toll caused by the tsunami as of 28 April

Countries
Dead
Missing
Displaced
Homeless
Sources
Indonesia*
128,645
37,063
532,898
n/a
Government
Sri Lanka
31,147
4,115
519,063
480,000
Government
India
10,749
5,640
647,599
20,000
Government
Maldives
82
26
21,663
n/a
Government
Thailand
5,395
2,932
n/a
n/a
Government
Myanmar
61
10
n/a
3,200
Government
Malaysia
68
12
n/a
4,296
Delegation
East Africa
312
158
2,320
n/a
Government
Total
176,459
49,956
>1,723,543
>507,496

* The International Federation relies on official government sources for update of the casualty figures in this table, and does not bear responsibility for accuracy. Those listed as missing will be officially declared as dead in most countries a year after the disaster. Note: East Africa covers tsunami-affected countries of Kenya, Madagascar, Seychelles, Somalia and Tanzania.

Thousands of staff, relief and medical personnel, and volunteers of the Red Cross and Red Crescent societies of the tsunami-affected countries have provided a vital initial response, in search and rescue, clean-up, providing temporary shelter and immediate relief assistance, emergency medical services, psychological first aid and tracing. It is estimated that over 22,000 Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers and 76 relief and medical teams were mobilized in the disaster-affected areas.

The Federation immediately launched a Preliminary Emergency Appeal on the day of the disaster with a focus on Sri Lanka, Indonesia and the Maldives. On 3 January 2005, the ICRC launched budget extensions additional to its 2005 Emergency Appeal for Indonesia and Sri Lanka. Along with initial support from the country and regional delegations, the Federation deployed within 24-72 hours three Field Assessment and Coordination Teams (FACT) and 18 Emergency Response Units (ERU) in the sectors of water and sanitation, health care, aid distribution, telecommunications, and logistics/transportation to Sri Lanka, Indonesia and the Maldives.

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