Logistical challenges led to a delay in the implementation of the peace deal between the Colombian Government and the FARC guerrilla group. The deadline for all combatants to hand over their weapons, set for May 31, has been postponed by 20 days.
In order to support the peace stabilization process, WFP and other UN agencies are drafting joint interventions to be implemented in areas where FARC concentration zones are located. The interventions will be focused on improving food security and strengthening capacities for a better access to health services.
An agreement was signed with the Ministry of Education, for WFP to implement the school meals program in La Guajira region. WFP will introduce innovative models that ensure transparency and accountability. La Guajira is among the most vulnerable and marginalized regions in Colombia, with high rates of poverty, chronic malnutrition, anemia and limited access to basic services. The school meals program will support around 100,000 children in 14 municipalities. In coordination with the Ministry of Education, WFP is carrying out an assessment of the infrastructure, equipment, water and sanitation conditions of all targeted schools. The findings will inform tailoring the intervention according to the local context.
In the northern department of Córdoba, WFP supports 300 families of the Embera-Katio indigenous group affected by the armed conflict and the environmental degradation caused by the construction of a hydroelectric plant. The indigenous communities have moved from their collective lands to the rural and peri-urban areas of the municipality of Tierralta. Their socioeconomic conditions (low income, linguistic and cultural marginalization), the lack of arable land, environmental problems and the precarious health situation caused by the lack of basic sanitation result in high levels of food insecurity. WFP is supporting the recovery of their livelihoods, through the establishment of community gardens and fish ponds.
WFP and the Government of Putumayo signed a framework agreement in order to develop post-emergency activities after the landslides that affected a great part of the province last April. Actions are aimed to: i) improve food and nutrition security and prevent malnutrition through innovative strategies; ii) support small farmers’ organizations, especially rural women farmers, through the improvement of productive systems; and iii) promote smallholder organizations' access to institutional and private markets in order to stimulate rural economies.
- Despite the peace agreement signed between the Government and the FARC, violence continues to affect thousands of Colombians, and humanitarian needs are expected to rise, taking into account the increasing levels of internal forced displacement and confinement, particularly in the Pacific Coast and border zones. WFP will continue supporting government efforts to assist these communities including by enhancing the humanitarian crisis capacity response plan.