Colombia + 6 more

Venezuelan Migration Situation Report No. 1 | 24 April 2018

Situation Report
Originally published


Reporting period: 11-18 April


  • On 10 April 2018, IOM launched the Regional Action Plan (RAP) to strengthen the response to large- scale migration of Venezuelan nationals in South America, North America, Central America and the Caribbean.
  • The two-year action plan covers 19 countries and reflects support needs identified with the governments in data, institutional capacity and coordination, direct assistance and integration. The required funding for the RAP activities reaches USD 32 million.
  • IOM has activated its Migration Emergency Funding Mechanism (MEFM) to ramp up RAP implementation, with the expectation that donor contributions will be received shortly.

Situation Overview

The latest statistical report produced by IOM on the migration of Venezuelan nationals (April 2018) estimates that the number of Venezuelan nationals abroad increased from 700,000 to more than 1,600,000 between 2015 and 2017. While there are challenges due to data and information gaps, there is clear evidence of continued large-scale migration in South America as indicated by a significant increase of Venezuelan nationals in the sub-continent - approximately 900 per cent between 2015 and 2017 (89,000 Venezuelan nationals in 2015; and up to 900,000 in 2017). In Central America and the Caribbean, the number of Venezuelan nationals doubled, from around 50,000 in 2015 to almost 100,000 in 2017. IOM and other organizations foresee that this trend will continue.
As new migration data is published or produced, government agencies, policy makers, IOM and engaged partners can form a more precise and comprehensive vision on the size and characteristics of this large-scale flow. For example, information recently released by Statistic Office of the of the Dominican Republic (Second National Immigrant Survey, 2017) indicates that Venezuelan immigration increased from 3,434 people in 2012 to 25,872 in 2017, which represents a 653% growth. Also, the Colombian Government reported that as to 14 April and after one week of implementation, more than 63,329 persons have been registered in the Registro Administrativo de Migrantes Venezolanos (RAMV), an innovative mechanism supported by IOM to gather information on Venezuelan migrants in irregular situation.
IOM will continue monitoring closely multiple sources of official data and integrate the results from its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) operations to provide regular updates and include new perspectives in understanding the evolving situation in the ground.