I. Disasters and Displacement in the context of climate change
Recent intense climate-related, sudden-onset disasters, including Pakistan's floods; India's monsoon season floods; Hurricane Katrina; Cyclone Narguis in Myanmar, to name a few, have produced enormous, prolonged, and sometimes definitive forced population movements: Pakistan's floods have thus far left an estimated 6 million people in need for shelter; India's 2008 floods uprooted roughly six million people; Hurricane Katrina displaced more than half a million people; and Cyclone Nargis uprooted eight hundred thousand people (lDMC 2009).
Catastrophes such as this, together with the visibility of ongoing climate change negotiations, have made it possible to underscore that disaster response for lDPs and other victims should be rights-based, should be driven by the needs of those affected, and should aim at fulfilling the entire range of their human rights. People displaced by natural disasters are exposed to enhanced vulnerability related to their displacement. The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement spell out the special vulnerability of lDPs and specify State responsibility to protect from, during, and after displacement.