5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake in 2008 caused great loss to Sichuan commercial service facilities, network facilities destroyed, market paralyzed, and people’s living and production activities in quake-hit area was seriously impacted. In the last three years, under the centralized planning by CPC Central Committee and the State Council, the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) and commerce departments at all levels in Sichuan Province have actively tried to gain support from the Central Committee, local governments and related departments, overcome hardship, promoted reconstruction of commercial service facilities, and made the market service level reach or surpass that before the earthquake.
I. Reconstruction plan was implemented in an all-round way
The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attached great importance to reconstruction of market service system especially reconstruction of commercial service facilities, and made it one of the priorities in industrial reconstruction. Related departments including MOFCOM together with People’s Government of Sichuan province worked out Special Plan for post–Wenchuan Earthquake Reconstruction of Market Service System. In 2009, the fixed assets investment in wholesale and retail trade in quake-hit area increased by 183.5%, the growth rate exceeding 8 percentage points compared with that in the year earthquake occurred.
II. Reconstruction tasks basically completed
The reconstruction projects of commercial service facilities under planning in the 39 heavily hit counties (districts or cities) in Sichuan Province totaled 1476, with total investment of 15.502 billion RMB. By the end of April of 2011, 1450 have started, and 1389 have been completed, accounting for 98.2% and 94% of the total projects. And the realized investment reached 14.67 billion RMB, accounting for 94.6% of the total investment, among which, investment from central revenue was 0.62 billion RMB, 4% of the total investment. 761 reconstruction projects by the commercial system have started, 727 have been completed, and 13.44 billion RMB of investment has been realized, with project startup rate, completion rate and investment-realized rate of 99.9%, 95.4% and 98.5% respectively. The work of reconstruction of commercial service facilities in Sichuan Province is almost completed and the goal of reconstruction has been basically reached.
III. Remarkable success in reconstruction
Through reconstruction and promoting industrial development, the commercial service facilities in Sichuan quake-hit area has been recovering and strengthened, and it has played an important role in guaranteeing people’s livelihood, production, employment, flourishing market, and maintaining social stability, and made positive contribution to the economic and social development of quake-hit area.
First, market supply is effectively guaranteed. Second, circulation facilities and its function has been restored and improved. Third, consumption in rural and urban areas has been recovered and improved. The total retail sale of consumer goods in 6 heavily hit areas of Chengdu, Deyang, Mianyang, Guangyuan, Yaan and Aba, increased by 21.3% and 21.8% in 2009 and 2010 respectively compared with that of precious year, and 1.3 and 0.6 percentage points higher than the average growth rates of Sichuan Province. Fourth, boost the economic and social development of the quake-hit area. The reconstruction of commercial service facilities provided strong support for the recovery and development of sectors of industry, agriculture and tourism of quake-hit area, and vigorously boosted rural and urban employment and income increase of residents. Jobs in wholesale and retail sale and catering sectors increased by 400 thousand in 2009 over that in 2007, accounting for 80% of the total jobs increased in quake-hit area.