China (MAACN001) Mid-Year Report 2012

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29 August 2012

This report covers the period 1 January to 30 June 2012


In the first half of this year, China has mainly been hit by natural disasters of earthquake, drought, storm and heavy rainfall.

Xinjiang earthquakes - On 9 March, northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region was hit by a 6.0 magnitude earthquake, leaving 144,000 people in two counties affected, 37,000 people evacuated, 5,200 houses collapsed and 85,000 houses destroyed.

The provincial level Red Cross branch had allocated 300 pieces of cotton clothes, 300 pieces of cotton quilts and 200 family kits to affected areas.

On 30 June, a 6.6-magnitude quake jolted Xinjiang, leaving over 150,000 people affected, 48,000 people displaced and 7,500 houses collapsed.

After the disaster, Red Cross Society of China (RCSC) headquarters immediately dispatched 4,000 pieces of quilts and 200 tents to relieve the emergency needs of affected people.

Earthquake in Yunnan and Sichuan boarder - A 5.7-magnitude earthquake jolted two counties in the border of southwest China's Yunnan and Sichuan provinces on 24 June. It was followed by 53 aftershocks and the strongest one was measured at magnitude 3.8. The earthquake resulted in split roads and disrupted water supplies in the two affected counties.

As of 25 June, the earthquake has left 130,000 people affected, four people dead, 153 people injured, over 50,000 people evacuated to safe places, and 4,577 houses toppled. (Source: Ministry of Civil Affairs, 25 June, 2012).
In response to the needs of the disaster-affected area, Red Cross Society of China (RCSC) headquarters launched a Level III contingency plan. A total of 300 tents and 2,000 quilts were mobilized from the Disaster Preparedness Centre of the Yunnan Red Cross to the most affected area, and a disaster relief emergency fund of CNY100,000 was also allocated to provide food items for affected people. For Yunnan Red Cross Branch, an assessment team was dispatched on 24 June, and 400 quilts, 400 cotton-padded clothes and another 20 tents were delivered.

Drought - A severe drought parching the Yellow River and Huai River regions has affected normal agricultural production since March. As of 21 June, 5.17 million hectares of arable land in Henan,
Anhui, Shandong and Inner Mongolia have been suffering drought conditions. The drought has also left 4.28 million people and 4.85 million heads of livestock in Yunnan, Hubei and Inner Mongolia short of drinking water.

Floods - With the rainy season coming in May, heavy rains, storms and floods continue to strike Northwest (Gansu) and Central and Southwest part of China (Hunan, Jiangxi,
Guizhou, Chongqing, Sichuan). At least 80 people have died, 200 injured with 300,000 people evacuated.

RCSC had raised response level III and IV to respond to the disaster. A total of 300 family packs and CNY 100,000 emergency relief fund were mobilized to Jiangxi; 1,500 quilts and 1,500 clothes, 1,500 family packs to Hunan; 1,000 quilts, 1,000 jackets as well 400 tents were sent to Gansu.
In June, a new round of torrential rains began to hit southern and central China. A total of 399 counties in 11 provinces were affected by the torrential rains with Hunan, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Guizhou, Guangdong and Fujian as the most seriously affected provinces. As of 29 June, floods triggered by the torrential rains had killed 50 people with 42 still missing, affected the lives of over 10 million people, destroyed some 30,000 houses and inundated over 900,000 hectares of cropland.

RCSC national headquarters immediately activated its level IV contingency plan to respond to this disaster. A total of 2,000 family kits and 1,661 family kits had been mobilized to Jiangxi and Guizhou respectively and at the same time a disaster relief emergency fund of CNY 100,000 was allocated to buy rice for affected people. A total of 2,000 pieces of quilts and 1,500 family kits were dispatched to Hunan. The regional office is also closely monitoring the situation and has released updates on DMIS.

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) regional disaster management team, with contributions of experts from the zone office, have been able to support the RCSC in developing capacities in both planning and organizational preparedness. There have been great strides in the past months on further consolidating and supporting the RCSC’s emergency relief team development and agreements on establishing national disaster response teams at the headquarters level. Further work has been done on the grassroots level of community disaster risk reduction in Shaanxi and Gansu.

The IFRC continues to work very closely with RCSC headquarters to support their initiatives and activities in the areas of health and care. The RCSC has stepped up their advocacy on issues of HIV, and have had a very successful pilot project on tuberculosis in Shanxi province, supported by Lilly China. The community-based health and first aid (CBHFA) initiatives of the RCSC are also expanding and fulfilling a needed role for better integration, capacity building, service delivery and a platform for health interventions at community levels.