China

China: Jiangxi Earthquake Minor Emergency DREF Bulletin No. 05ME070 Final Report

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Situation Report
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The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 183 countries.
In Brief

Period covered by this Final Report: 28 November 2005 to 28 February 2006

History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:

- Earthquake struck provinces of Jiangxi, Hubei and Anhui on 26 November 2005. Red Cross Society of China (RCSC) distributed relief items from its disaster preparedness stocks to affected population.

- CHF 130,000 allocated from the Federation's DREF on 27 November 2005 to replenish disaster preparedness stocks of RCSC.

- Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) provided CHF 35,000 to provide 25 temporary latrines to meet sanitation needs, at request of Federation regional delegation. Funds transferred from JRCS directly to RCSC.

- Operation ended in February 2006.

Background and summary

The 26 November 2005 earthquake which affected the provinces of Jiangxi (Ruichang city and Jiujiang county), Hubei and Anhui left at le ast 16 people dead and more than 8,000 people seeking treatment for earthquake-related injuries. In Jiangxi province, some 150,000 houses were destroyed and around 600,000 residents evacuated. In Hubei province, 7,500 people had to be evacuated. In Anhui, the least affected, 32 homes were destroyed. According to relief officers from the Red Cross Society of China's (RCSC) Jiangxi Provincial branch, aftershocks close to the earthquake's epicentre in Ruichang city continued to affect Jiangxi for three months after the initial earthquake. The earthquake was an especially harsh blow for the residents of both Jiujiang county and Ruichang city who had already suffered much from severe floods and landslides in May and a destructive typhoon in September. Only two weeks earlier, some 260,000 people in Jiujiang city had been seriously affected by floods.

Government assistance following the earthquake went primarily to those families who were most severely affected by the earthquake, namely those whose entire homes were destroyed. These families each received on average RMB 11,000 (USD 1,375) in compensation, with a typical 60 square metre brick house (which lacks water and sanitation facilities or glass windows) costing anywhere between RMB 10-30,000 (approx. USD 1200 - 3,700) to build. However, while assistance from the government, family members and friends allowed a large number of families displaced by the earthquake to find permanent housing, by March, according to the Relief division of the Jiangxi Red Cross, some 13,000 people were still living in tents. Months after the earthquake, Ruichang city's main street was still lined with tents housing displaced families. Even with government compensation, many families who lost their crops to the floods in May and September have had to struggle to rebuild their homes.

For further information specifically related to this operation, please contact:

In China: Mr. Wang Xiaohua, director of external relations department, Red Cross Society of China, Beijing; email: rcsc@chineseredcross.org; phone: +86.10.6404.8366, fax +86.10.6402.9928.

In China: Mr. Alistair Henley, head of East Asia region al delegation, Beijing, email: alistair.henley@ifrc.org; phone: +86.10.65327162, fax: +86.10.65327166.

In Geneva: Asia and Pacific department, Ms. Ewa Eriksson, East Asia regional officer, email: ewa.eriksson@ifrc.org; phone: +41227304252; fax: +41.22. 7330395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal.

For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

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