China

China - Earthquake Fact Sheet #5, Fiscal Year (FY) 2008

Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last fact sheet was dated May 27, 2008

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

- On May 28, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) airlifted 153 medium-sized tents, valued at nearly $940,000 including transport, to Chengdu, Sichuan Province. To date, DOD has provided a total of more than $2.2 million in disaster assistance to China.

- In a June 6 meeting at the American Red Cross, attended by President George W. Bush, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, and Secretary of the Treasury Henry M. Paulson, USAID Administrator Henrietta H. Fore noted that the U.S. private sector has provided more than $102 million in cash and in-kind contributions to Chinese response efforts. In his remarks, President Bush praised the Government of China's (GOC) firm response to the earthquake and conveyed the deep concern of the American people for the people of China.

- In order to facilitate U.S. private sector contributions to earthquake relief, the GOC Ministry of Civil Affairs (MOCA) is working with the Asia Foundation (TAF) and the American Chamber of Commerce (AMCHAM) in China to coordinate and share information on humanitarian needs with private U.S. businesses. Since FY 2006, the USAID/OFDA-funded TAF project has promoted private sector contributions to disaster assistance in coordination with MOCA.

- In early June, a USAID/OFDA shelter expert and a disaster specialist traveled to Beijing and Chengdu to consult with Chinese authorities on shelter recovery strategies following the May 12 earthquake. According to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the GOC has authorized the construction of 1.5 million temporary houses and distributed more than 1 million tents to earthquake-affected areas.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Total Dead 69,159 GOC - June 12, 2008
Total Injured 374,141 GOC - June 12, 2008
Total Missing 17,469 GOC - June 12, 2008
Total Homeless (Estimated)
5 million GOC - June 11, 2008
IFRC(1) - June 11, 2008
Total Displaced (Estimated) 15 million GOC - June 11, 2008
IFRC - June 11, 2008
Total Affected (Estimated) 5,470,000 GOC - May 23, 2008


FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE FOR CHINA EARTHQUAKE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to China: $1,491,789
DOD Assistance to China: $2,204,900
Total USG Humanitarian Assistance to China: $3,696,689

CURRENT SITUATION

- On May 30, the GOC Ministry of Commerce announced that the earthquake may have pushed as many as 10 million people below the poverty line.

- On June 11, the GOC cancelled a flood alert on areas downstream of the newly formed quake lake near Tangjiashan, where local authorities successfully created a drainage channel to divert waters through Beichuan town. The GOC has subsequently lowered the number of people threatened by the quake lake from 1.3 million to less than 50,000. IFRC anticipates that 250,000 people evacuated from low-lying areas downstream of the lake will return to their homes in the coming days. However, IFRC reports that 33 other quake lakes in Sichuan Province continue to pose severe flood risks.