UNICEF Chad Humanitarian Situation Report, December 2016

Report
from UN Children's Fund
Published on 31 Dec 2016

Highlights

  • No major new displacement has taken place in the Lake region during December. At the end of 2016, there are 129,481 displaced persons, including IDPs, Chadian returnees from Nigeria and Niger, refugees and third-country nationals.

  • More than 120 sites and displacement locations are scattered around this remote region, making humanitarian assistance a logistical challenge.

  • 166,830 children with SAM were admitted and treated in nutritional units. Recovery rates are 89% for Therapeutic Nutritional Units and 86% for Outpatient Nutritional Units.

  • UNICEF and its partners have provided access to safe-drinking water to 104,329 conflict-affected people through the construction of 61 boreholes and two mini-adductions in the Lake region.

  • In 2016, UNICEF received US$ 30.3 million in emergency funding for the children of Chad (the HAC was 51% funded).

SITUATION IN NUMBERS

2,200,000
Children affected (UNICEF HAC 2016)

193,943
Children under 5 with Severe Acute Malnutrition in 2016
(Nutrition Cluster 2016)

129,481
People displaced (IDPs, returnees, TCN, refugees) in the Lake Region
(IOM, DTM 3 January 2017 and UNHCR 31 December 2016)

UNICEF Humanitarian funding needs in 2016 (revised)
US$ 64.6 million

Available in 2016*
US$ 33.2 million

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Impact of violence in the Lake region
The state of emergency declared in November 2015 officially ended in October 2016, but emergency measures remain in place until now. It expected that Parliament will eventually formally approve an extension.

No major new displacement has taken place in the Lake region during December. At the end of 2016, there are 129,481 displaced persons1 , including 88,726 registered internally displaced persons (IDPs), 17,009 estimated non registered IDPs, 14,790 Chadian returnees from Nigeria and Niger, 8,596 refugees and 324 third-country nationals.

More than 120 sites and displacement locations are scattered around this remote region, making humanitarian assistance a logistical challenge.

According to Chadian authorities, a wave of surrenders by Chadians living in Boko-Haram-held areas of Nigeria began in July, and peaked in October 2016. They were transferred by Chadian military to three sites in the town of Bagasola, where they were guarded by the Multinational Joint Taskforce (MNJTF). As of 31 December, at least 1,114 people who have allegedly surrendered were reported in the Lac region (Chad), of which 256 are women and 548 are children. Before the end of the year, more than 750 women and children have been transferred to their villages of origin throughout the Lac region thanks to the collaboration of local authorities, UNICEF and implementing partners.

As of 31 December, 327 men are still held under MNJTF’s surveillance. They are however to move in and out of the detention location as the legal status of this group has not yet been determined by the government.

Refugees, returnees and stateless persons from CAR in the South
In southern Chad, 70,414 Central African refugees2 and 101,724 returnees3 still live in refugee and returnee camps, and in host villages. Concern is growing over the increased evidence of protection issues linked to the limited livelihood opportunities, particularly following the reduction in food distribution. UNICEF partners have reported increased negative coping mechanisms like survival sex or prostitution, child marriage and child labor.

Epidemic Outbreaks
In 2016, there were two major epidemic outbreaks: one measles outbreak with 792 cases recorded from January to October in 8 health districts, and one hepatitis E suspected epidemic outbreak with 460 cases recorded in the health district of Amtiman (Salamat region). There were no cases of cholera recorded in 2016. During the month of December, 74 cases of non-febrile gastroenteritis due to food poisoning were reported in the Doulao village (Bessao health district, Logone Oriental).

Food insecurity and malnutrition
According to the Integrated food security Phase Classification (IPC), updated in November 2016, the forecasted cereal production for the 2016/2017 crop year has increased by 14% from last year. However, some regions recorded a decline in cereal production, including Tandjilé (-11.2%), Wadi Fira (-11%) and Bahr El Ghazal (-5%). Across Chad, 455,952 people are estimated to be living in conditions of phase 3 (crisis phase) food insecurity. Vulnerable populations are in need of food, nutrition, health, and improved access to livelihoods in order to build resilience. In the Lake region, 222,356 individuals are food insecure, including 81,438 people currently living in phase 3.

The final results from the national SMART nutrition survey carried out in August / September 2016 were published and confirmed preliminary findings. The resultsshow an 11.9% prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) (>10% is defined as serious malnutrition severity by WHO), and 2.6% of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) among children between 6 and 59 months. The prevalence of GAM particularly exceeds WHO’s critical emergency threshold (15%) in the regions of Ennedi West (23.3%), Borkou (19.3%), Ouaddaï (16.9%), Batha (16.6%), Bahr El Ghazal (16.1%) and Salamat (15.6%). The Kanem region, with a prevalence of 14.9%, is also at the edge of the emergency threshold.