UNICEF Chad Humanitarian Situation Report, 31 October 2019

Situation Report
Originally published



• 259,719 severely malnourished children have been treated in health facilities supported by UNICEF since January 2019.

• Forty-five cholera cases and five deaths have been reported in Mayo Kebbi Ouest province in southern Chad since September 2019. In cooperation with the Government, UNICEF and implementing partners have increased their presence in the province to provide assistance to affected populations.

• By week 43, 25,283 measles cases and 242 deaths had been reported in Chad. The number of cases has been gradually decreasing since week 23.

• In support of the new school year, the distribution of learning materials has started in western and southern Chad. 3,416 students (including 1,546 girls) have received learning materials in Lac and Logone Oriental provinces.

• As of October 2019, only 42% of the HAC funding requirement has been covered.
An additional US$ 27 million is urgently required for UNICEF to provide lifesaving assistance to vulnerable children and women through an integrated multisectoral response

Situation in Numbers

2,300,000 children in need of humanitarian assistance

4,300,000 people in need (OCHA September 2019)

304,600 under 5 children with Severe Acute Malnutrition

169,000 internally displaced people (UNHCR October 2019)

Funding Overview and Partnerships

In 2019, UNICEF requires US$ 45.8 million to meet the humanitarian needs of vulnerable children and women in Chad.

As of October 2019, funds available amount to US$ 19 million (42% of the requirement). In the Lake Chad Basin (LCB) alone, UNICEF requires US$ 7.5 million (currently funded at 34%) to meet the needs of vulnerable children and women affected by complex crises. Without sufficient funding, more than 30,000 people will not have access to basic sanitation facilities, more than 20,000 children affected by crises will not receive much-needed psychosocial support, and more than 15,000 children will not have access to quality education.

UNICEF wishes to express its gratitude to all the donors whose contributions to humanitarian funds have made it possible to achieve the results outlined in this report.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The cholera outbreak declared in August 2019 in southern Chad continued throughout the month of October. Mayo Kebbi Ouest province reported its first cases in September 2019 and to date has recorded a total of 45 cases and 5 deaths. No new cases have been recorded since September 2019 in Mayo Kebbi East province where the outbreak was first reported. UNICEF and partners continued to support affected health districts by distributing WASH supplies, including soap, water treatment products, and disinfection equipment for mobilised community volunteers.

The school year has officially started although some schools in the south are not fully operational due to a prolonged rainy season. Provincial education delegates in collaboration with implementing partners have started the distribution of learning materials purchased with UNICEF’s support.
No major population movements have been reported in the reporting month. According to data collected by IOM, Lac province in western Chad is currently hosting 169,000 internally displaced persons, 74% of whom are living in displaced sites and the rest in host communities, as well as 47,400 returnees and more than 5,000 third-country nationals (Displacement Tracking Matrix, October 2019).