22,512 severely malnourished children were admitted to UNICEF supported health facilities in July, bringing the total to 124,063 for 2018.
10,947 displaced children accessed Child Friendly Spaces and received psychosocial support in regions affected by population movement from CAR in the south and Boko Haram attacks in the west of Chad.
As of end of July, UNICEF HAC has only received 35% of the $54.2 million appeal for 2018. An additional $35,3 million is required for UNICEF to meet the needs of vulnerable children and women through an integrated multisectoral response.
Situation in Numbers
2,500,000 Children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF HAC 2018)
268,837 Under 5 children with Severe Acute Malnutrition targeted in 2018 out of the burden of 362,682 (Nutrition Cluster 2018)
139,572 People displaced (IDPs, returnees, refugees, third country nationals) in the Lake Region (Shelter CCCM Cluster July 2018 and UNHCR 31 July 2018)
UNICEF Appeal 2018 US$ 54.2 million
Funding available US$ 18.8 million
Situation overview and Analysis
New CAR refugees in the South: There have not been any significant population movements observed in the month of July. However, sporadic arrivals of people have been reported in the Maro area (Moyen Chari Region). According to OCHA, 548 people were registered by UNHCR at the new Motoho entry point in the Barh Koh Department, and were transferred to the Belom Refugee Camp in Maro. UNHCR, WFP and CNARR monitoring activities at the border are ongoing to identify potential asylum seekers. CNARR has announced another entry point from Ngondéy in the Lac Iro department (Moyen Chari region). Tensions between the Fulas supported by the SELEKA against the Arabs on the side of CAR at the end of June have resulted in 18 deaths and several injuries on the side of the CAR. This clash is believed to be the cause of the displacement of people to Ngondey village in Chad.
Epidemic Outbreaks: With the ongoing Cholera outbreak in the Lake Chad Basin region affecting and recently spread to Maradi in Niger and to north and central Cameroon there is a serious risk of extension to Chad due to cross border movements of populations, poor hygiene and limited access to safe drinking water. To prepare for a potential outbreak the epidemiologic surveillance system has been strengthened and 2 cases of acute gastroenteritis were recorded during the epidemiologic week 30 (23-29 July) in 2 districts; one in the Sila on the border with Sudan, and the other in Mayo Kebi West, the region bordering Cameroon. Samples were collected and sent for testing in N'djamena. UNICEF has prepositioned three cholera kits in preparedness for a cholera outbreak response. In addition, WASH supplies and communication materials are made available by the country office
Humanitarian Leadership and Coordination
During the month of July, the Education Cluster held discussions with the Permanent Secretariat of Education Cannot Wait (ECW) and the Global Cluster on their support for the development of the multi-year resilience program of the education system in Chad. It was agreed that an assessment of Education In Emergency (EIE) will be conducted in October 2018 and technical support will be provided by the global education sector to develop EIE’s strategy by December 2018. These documents will provide guidance for the choice of targets and priorities to be included in the multiannual program to be submitted to ECW. The elaboration of this multi-year plan will take into account both the humanitarian response plan as well as the national plan for the education sector.
As part of its 2018 humanitarian strategy, UNICEF Chad is putting forward an integrated and coordinated approach to provide life-saving assistance to children by offering preventive care such as infant and young child feeding support alongside curative nutrition interventions, including SAM treatment to under 5 children in the Sahel belt and the south of the country. Some of these children and their families are receiving a life-saving WASH package, including hygiene promotion and supplies. UNICEF is reaching conflict-affected people with access to water but also people affected by displacement and epidemics with hygiene information, including illness prevention and locally-adapted solutions to water access. The health system is being reinforced with personnel and supplies in the Lake region and the south, and nutrition data management is being strengthened using rapid SMS. UNICEF is reaching children in displaced communities with access to education and learning materials, and roll out sustainable solutions for compensating community teachers and standardizing alternative learning. Furthermore, UNICEF is supporting unaccompanied and separated children with protection and family reunification measures. UNICEF’s efforts to bridge humanitarian and development programming remain paramount, including through support to the Government’s emergency preparedness capacity, and building community and institutional resilience.