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UNICEF Chad Humanitarian Situation Report, 30 June 2016

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Highlights

  • Displacement in the Lake region continues and is compounded by seasonal population movements. There are almost 115,000 IDPs in the Lake region, putting an increased pressure on host communities.

  • 75,183 children under five years old with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted to treatment between January and May 2016, a 24% increase in admissions from the same period in 2015.
    However, funding for nutrition remains insufficient to cover the ready-to-eat therapeutic foods beyond October, with 7.95 million USD urgently needed.

  • An emergency vaccination campaign was conducted during the last week of May in eight health districts reached over 414,000 children, with a coverage of 99% for the affected districts.

  • 5,265 new refugees have arrived in Southern Chad fleeing violence in CAR. 95% of them are women and children and they are mostly in host families. Local authorities and UNHCR will relocate refugees to villages 50 kms from the CAR border.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Impact of violence in the Lake region

Dispalcement in the Lake region continues and is compounded by seasonal population movements. According to the latest Displacement Tracking Matrix of 14 June, there are 114,911 displaced people (returnees, IDPs and third country nationals (TCN)) in the Lake region, 71,718 of whom have been registered by the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster and almost 43,200 more estimated. In addition to those displaced, there are 7,337 refugees from Nigeria currently in the Lake region.

The situation remains relatively calm in the region, except for two incidents targeting the military in the month of June. However, military operations have resumed and may likely produce additional civilian displacement from the villages closer to the borders.

Numerous international NGOs (including IRC, Oxfam, CARE, ICRC, ACF, Handicap International, ACTED and COOPI) have set up offices in the region, including near the border with Niger, or scaled up their interventions in the last month. Although humanitarian access is generally acceptable, the existence of more than 50 sites scattered across a large and challenging terrain with security considerations continues to pose a challenge both in terms of logistics and within a context of limited funding.

Refugees, returnees and stateless persons from CAR in the South

A total of 72,876 refugees from Central African Republic are currently in Chad, with fresh violence in north-west Central African Republic (CAR) that has forced thousands to seek refuge in Chad and Cameroon. According to a MINUSCA press release, the attacks and reprisals began on 10 June in Ngaoundaye, about 500 km northwest of Bangui between armed groups.

CAR refugees began arriving into the Mbaibokoum prefecture in the Logone Orientale region of Southern Chad on 12 June. A steady stream of arrivals has been reported despite the fact that the border between Chad and CAR is officially closed; a closure enforced by Chadian authorities. This means that refugees arrive through informal crossings and that women and children are arriving without the men, reportedly to avoid being stopped at the border. Ngaoundaye is about 9 kms from the Chadian border, and about a 3 hour walk from the three host villages of Sourou, Mini and Mbitoye in Chad. On 15 June, UNICEF participated in an interagency assessment mission led by UNHCR arrived in the area to determine the status and condition of the refugees. The initial needs identified were registration, non-food items, wet feeding and health services including vaccination.

As of 31 June, a total of 5,265 refugees (1,900 households) were registered by the UNHCR team although registration was still ongoing. Registration activities were suspended for a quick quality of registration data check, by CNARR, UNHCR and NGO ACRA joint team. General food distribution of a full ration for two weeks by WFP took place and was used to verify registration data. Over 300 separated and non-accompanied children were initially reported by UNHCR. The verification exercise will allow ensure proper identification and categorization of these children and revised data should be available in July