Sudan - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #10, Fiscal Year (FY) 2010

Report
from US Agency for International Development
Published on 20 Aug 2010
Note: The last situation report was dated July 13, 2010.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

- On August 16, humanitarian agencies participating in an assessment gained access to Kalma internally displaced persons (IDP) camp for the first time since fighting commenced in the South Darfur camp during late July. Between July 24 and August 2, armed conflict among Kalma camp residents supportive of the Doha peace negotiations and those opposed, killed approximately 10 people and injured an estimated 25 others, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The recent conflict and insecurity have displaced an unknown number of residents, according to USAID/OFDA field staff. OCHA reports that the displaced populations have moved to other areas within the camp or fled to areas outside the camp.

- On August 14, unidentified assailants kidnapped two African Union-U.N. Hybrid Operations in Darfur (UNAMID) peacekeepers near their residence in Nyala, South Darfur. According to international media reports, the kidnappers freed the peacekeepers on August 17, following negotiations. On July 27, unidentified assailants released two German nationals working for the relief agency Technisches Hilfswerk who had been abducted from the organization's compound in Nyala, South Darfur, on June 22. A Samaritan's Purse international staff member kidnapped outside Nyala on May 18 remains in captivity.

- On August 14, international media sources reported that West Darfur authorities informed five U.N. and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) senior staff in West Darfur that their safety could no longer be assured and suggested that the staff members depart Darfur. Subsequent international media reports indicated that authorities did not issue a formal expulsion order and that discussions related to access and staff presence remain ongoing. On July 15, Sudanese authorities ordered the departure of senior expatriate staff of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), according to an IOM press statement.

- USAID/OFDA continues to monitor increasing inter-ethnic conflict and Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) attacks in Southern Sudan and prepares to respond to potential insecurity surrounding the January 2011 referenda in Southern Sudan and Abyei and popular consultations in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States. During August, USAID/OFDA awarded a 12-month, $4 million cooperative agreement to IOM to manage a multi-sector rapid response fund (RRF) for Southern Sudan and Abyei. The RRF will allow IOM to rapidly disburse funds to competent organizations to provide life-saving assistance, including the distribution of emergency relief supplies and logistics support, to people in Southern Sudan and Abyei affected by insecurity or natural disasters, such as severe flooding.