1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 6 (c) of Security Council resolution 1881 (2009), by which the Council requested me to report every 90 days on progress made towards implementing the mandate of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) across Darfur, as well as on the political process, the security and humanitarian situation and compliance by all parties with their international obligations. It covers the period from 1 February 2010 to 30 April 2010. As requested, the report also assesses progress made during the reporting period against benchmarks presented to the Council in my report of 16 November 2009 (S/2009/592).
II. Political developments
2. The reporting period witnessed several positive developments in the Darfur peace process. On 23 February 2010 in Doha, a Framework Agreement to Resolve the Conflict in Darfur between the Government of the Sudan and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) was signed. It had been negotiated and initialled in N'Djamena on 20 February 2010 under the auspices of Chadian President Idriss Déby Itno. The Presidents of the Sudan, Chad and Eritrea and the Emir of Qatar were present at the ceremony. The Agreement, which builds on the goodwill agreement of 17 February 2009 between JEM and the Government of the Sudan, includes the declaration of an immediate ceasefire, a commitment to release prisoners of war and the undertaking to negotiate a final peace agreement by 15 March 2010. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the Sudan immediately released 57 JEM prisoners of war. Although the parties failed to agree on a ceasefire implementation protocol or a final agreement by the 15 March deadline, the ceasefire between JEM and the Government has largely been respected.
3. In the negotiations, significant steps were also taken towards the unification of armed movements. On 23 February 2010, the creation of the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM) was announced, merging members of the Sudan Liberation Movement-Revolutionary Forces (Tripoli Group) and part of the Road Map Group (Addis Ababa Group) into a single new movement under the leadership of Eltigani Seisi Mohamed Ateem. The Government of the Sudan and LJM immediately engaged in negotiations and signed the Framework Agreement to Resolve the Conflict in Darfur in Doha on 18 March 2010. The mediation plans to manage the negotiations with JEM and LJM in parallel in the first stage, and then to merge the two sets of negotiations with a view to the conclusion of a final settlement.