Chad + 2 more

ICRC Operational Appeal 2017: Chad

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MAIN TARGETS FOR 2017

  • In the Lac region, vulnerable IDPs and residents hosting them increase their food production with ICRC-supplied seed and tools – and food rations to get them through the lean season – or the vaccination and deworming of their livestock.

  • IDPs, refugees and returnees separated from their families owing to armed conflict or other situations of violence reconnect with their relatives through the Movement’s family-links services.

  • Detainees in selected prisons have enough food, and access to health care and clean water, through direct assistance from the ICRC or through its support for the authorities, such as the sharing of best practices in prison management.

  • IHL focal points, guided by the ICRC, strengthen their ability to disseminate IHL among military personnel. Regular contact with armed and security forces broadens respect for IHL and relevant international standards.

  • The Red Cross of Chad bolsters its capacity to respond safely to emergencies, aided by financial, material and technical support, and training, from the ICRC.

CONTEXT

The conflict in the Lake Chad region continues. Chadian troops and those of its neighbours – Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria – remain engaged in military operations against the armed group that calls itself Islamic State’s West Africa Province, also known as Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad or Boko Haram (see African Union). Humanitarian needs persist as the spillover of insecurity into Chadian territory continues to displace people; this spillover also exacerbates the underlying economic difficulties in the Lake Chad region and the Sahel.

Instability in the Central African Republic (hereafter CAR), and in Sudan’s Darfur region, leaves the situation of returnees and refugees in various parts of Chad unchanged. Resources, limited to begin with, are overstretched; and already-weakened infrastructure and services are under considerable strain.

Chad’s capital, N’Djamena, continues to host the headquarters of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF), which responds to the conflict in the Lake Chad region; it is also the base for Barkhane, a French military operation against armed groups in the Sahel. Chad has peacekeeping troops in Mali. The joint Chadian-Sudanese force and the tripartite CAR-Chadian-Sudanese force are stationed along the countries’ common borders.

Political tensions, occasional communal violence, banditry, and episodic unrest over economic frustrations persist.