Chad + 1 more

Humanitarian Bulletin Chad, Issue 04 | July 2016

Situation Report
Originally published



  • Halfway through, the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan received less than 20% of the required funding. This has strong implications for populations affected by crises in Chad.

  • Pasture and water scarcity, loss of weight and loss of animals, the poor distribution of rainfall during the last campaign had adverse effects on food security of pastoralists.

  • The number of people targeted for cash transfers is increasing rapidly since 2007 worldwide and in Chad.

Consequences of six months of humanitarian underfunding

An adverse impact of lack of humanitarian funding on vulnerable populations

At mid-year, less than 20% of the humanitarian response plan is funded. This underfunding did not allow the implementation of all planned emergency assistance activities, with a detrimental impact on mortality, morbidity and the living conditions of populations affected by crises in Chad.

In food security, due to underfunding, some 78,000 Chadian returnees targeted in Southern Chad received only two monthly rations during the first half of 2016, and 238,000 Sudanese refugees in Eastern Chad are receiving food covering only 40% of their daily caloric needs. If this underfunding goes on, 2.7 million people may switch from moderate to severe food insecurity during the current lean period.
Regarding nutrition, given the lack of resources, over 120,000 children suffering from acute malnutrition cannot be treated and may die or lose their potential. In some parts of the Sahel, nutrition supplies will be insufficient in the coming months in order to treat acute malnutrition cases.

In health, nearly 100,000 people affected by population movements do not have adequate access to health centres or mobile clinics, which do not cover all the displacement sites.

Concerning education, 180,000 children aged 3 to 17 years affected by the crisis have not been enrolled in 2015-2016. Some 130,000 children affected by crises have the chance to access education; however, they have to learn in unfavourable conditions.
Some have to cross up to 10 km to find the nearest school. They have to share a trained teacher with 174 other students, and in average, are 90 students per classroom. In crisis regions, nearly 70% of the targeted students finished the 2015-2016 year without school kits.

Due to lack of funding for protection activities, at least 300 survivors of abuse and violence in the Lac region have not benefited from psychosocial, medical and legal support, limiting their ability to overcome the trauma and cope with current and future crises and shocks. Furthermore, 70% of the 60,000 people affected by displacement and targeted to obtain civil status documents in 2016 still have no access to identity papers.
Without funding for water, hygiene and sanitation projects, 870,000 people affected by population movements do not have access to drinking water in sufficient quantity, and nearly 670,000 continue to defecate in the open.

Finally, in the Lac region, over 18,000 displaced families have not received tarps and go without any shelter to protect them against harsh weather conditions such as rain and wind. Furthermore, over 50,000 displaced people have not received non-food items (NFIs) for their survival. Without NFIs, they cannot cook, fetch and store water, protect themselves from the cold and mosquito bites, take a bath and live in dignity

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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