After three years of assistance at the Gaoui site, the humanitarian community advocates for durable solutions to facilitate the reintegration of returnees.
The Oslo Humanitarian Conference allowed the countries of the Lake Chad Basin to receive pledges of US $ 672 million, including US $ 458 million in 2017.
Toward sustainable solutions for Gaoui returnees
Decreasing humanitarian response in the site
Some 5,000 Chadian returnees (57% women and 43% men) who have been arriving in Chad since January 2014, after decades spent in the Central African Republic (CAR), were installed in Zafaye site, Gaoui (about 15 km north-east of N’Djamena) by the authorities with the support of the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
After three years of assistance, almost all humanitarian actors withdrew from the site due to a lack of funding, resulting in deterioration of the living conditions of returnees. Food distributions are sporadic; half of the 700 shelters are seriously dilapidated; lack of livelihoods weakens access to health care at the centre located three kilometres from the site and less than half of the 18 boreholes on the site and only 40 per cent of the latrines are functional. In addition, 40 per cent of children enrolled in N'Djamena schools off-site were dismissed for non-payment of school fees. UNICEF, however, continues to support the site’s school by covering the teachers' salaries via the national NGO CDVT (Comité pour le Développement du Volontariat au Tchad). For the 2016-2017 school year, UNICEF intends to innovate, by developing income-generating activities with pupils’ parents, so that over time, teachers' salaries are entirely borne by them.
Since 2016, the humanitarian community has been advocating for durable solution oriented assistance in order to facilitate the reintegration of Gaoui returnees. Indeed, the majority of the returnees wish to leave the site to integrate the city of N'Djamena and resume a normal life. This is reflected in the International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s survey conducted in 2016 in collaboration with the NGO ADES (Agence pour le Développement Economique et Social). Priority needs include access to housing and livelihoods followed by access to education and employment. The majority of returnees, made up of former merchants, want to resume income-generating activities that will allow them to take care of themselves and thus elude dependency on humanitarian aid.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.