About this document: This desk study presents estimations of scale, severity and likely impact of a disaster. It aims to inform decision making for preparedness and emergency response. Information has been collected through a review of secondary data, contact with the field and lessons learnt from past similar crises. The DNA is intended to complement and integrate assessment-related data from other agencies.
Feedback to improve the DNA is welcome (firstname.lastname@example.org). ECB and ACAPS thank agencies and NGOs who have shared data and analysis. Disclaimer: Information provided is provisional as it has not been possible to independently verify field reports. As this report covers highly dynamic subject, utility of the information may decrease with time. Please use the most recent update. References: Please note that the underlined citations have a hyperlink to the web source and that an accompanying glossary is available here.
Crisis overview Food insecurity, drought, flooding, disease outbreaks, the impact of decades of instability and war, and limited resources have contributed to an ongoing complex emergency in Chad since 2004 (USAID 02/2011).
Poor agricultural performance in 2011 has triggered the alarm of a food insecurity crisis (CPI Phase 3) for the period July-September 2012 (FEWS 02/2012).
Field reports from several NGOs confirm the deterioration of the situation with increasing numbers of patients attended in nutrition centres.
To date, 3.6 million people in Chad are food insecure;
13.8% is severely food insecure (Preliminary findings ENSA 2012). Across the Sahel belt, malnutrition rates chronically hover at the WHO emergency threshold of >15% global acute malnutrition (GAM) (UNICEF 24/02).